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C4384 Sigma

Chondroitin sulfate sodium salt from shark cartilage

sulfated glycosaminoglycan polysaccharide

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Description

Components

Chondroitin is an acidic mucopolysaccharide found in cartilage, skin, cornea, and umbilical cord. It is composed of alternating N-acetylgalactosamine, D-glucuronic acid, and sulfate residues in equimolar quantities that can be sulfated on either of its subunits. Sulfation can occur at the 6 and/or 4-position of the galactosamine moiety, with potential for any individual disaccharide unit to be 6-sulfated, 4-sulfated, 4,6-disulfated, or unsulfated.

Analysis Note

Ratio of β-GlcA-(1→3)-GalNAc-6-sulfate to β-GlcA-(1→3)-GalNAc-4-sulfate is determined by HPLC after enzymatic degradation.

Caution

Store this product at 2-8°C.

Preparation Note

This product is soluble in water at 100 mg/mL.

Application

Chondroitin sulfate is used in a wide variety of areas of research such as bioengineering. Chondroitin sulfate may be used as a biomaterial copolymer or surface derivatization reagent in the development of drug delivery vehicles, tissue engineering devices and bioscaffolds. Chondroitin sulfate may be used for the development of biocompatible structures such as hydrogels, sponges, biofilms, microspheres and micelles.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Chondroitin, a glucosaminoglycan (GAG), is a natural polymer of β-glucuronic acid-(1→ 3)N-acetyl-β-galactosamine [β-GlcA-(1→3)-GalNAc-(1→4)]. Sulfation may occur at the 6-position and/or 4-position of the galactosamine moiety, with the potential of any individual disaccharide unit to be 6-sulfated, 4-sulfated, 4,6-disulfated, or unsulfated.

General description

Chondroitin, a glucosaminoglycan (GAG), is a polysaccharide chain of alternating units of N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) and glucuronic acid (GlcA) that can be sulfated on the either or both GalNAc and GlcA units. Chondroitin and its sulfates are frequently attached to proteins to form proteoglycans.

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Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
2
RTECS 
GA8410000

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Protocols & Articles

Articles

Glycosaminoglycan Sulfation and Signaling

Glycosaminoglycans are large linear polysaccharides constructed of repeating disaccharide units. The disaccharide units that are the basis of all glycosaminoglycans (except keratan) are a combination...
Vicki Caligur
BioFiles 2008, 3.10, 4.
Keywords: Adhesion, Aminations, Angiogenesis, Anticoagulants, Apoptosis, Atomic absorption spectroscopy, Cancer, Cell biology, Cell proliferation, Cell signaling, Cellular processes, Central Nervous System, Chromatography, Coagulation, Degradations, Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Epimerizations, Gene expression, Genetic, Genomics, Growth factors, Help, High performance liquid chromatography, Inflammation, Ion-exchange chromatography, Ligands, Mass spectrometry, Methods, Microarray Analysis, Morphogenesis, Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Phosphorylations, Polymerase chain reaction, Polymerization reactions, Proteomics, Reductive aminations, Sequences, Spectroscopy, Sulfations, Transcription, Type, transformation

Glycosaminoglycans and Proteoglycans

Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) are large linear polysaccharides constructed of repeating disaccharide units with the primary configurations containing an amino sugar (either GlcNAc or GalNAc) and an uroni...
Glycobiology Analysis Manual, 2nd Edition
Keywords: Adhesion, Catalysis, Coagulation, Degradations, Growth factors, Inflammation, Ligands, Pentose phosphate pathway, Polymerization reactions, Sulfations

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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