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C6645 Sigma

Cytosine β-D-arabinofuranoside hydrochloride

crystalline

Synonym: 1-(β-D-Arabino­furanosyl)­cytosine hydrochloride, Ara-C hydrochloride, Arabinocytidine hydrochloride, Arabinosylcytosine hydrochloride, Cytarabine hydrochloride, Cytosine arabinoside hydrochloride

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Properties

Related Categories Antitumor Agents, Apoptosis and Cell Cycle, Cancer Research, Cell Biology, Cell Signaling and Neuroscience,
InChI Key   KCURWTAZOZXKSJ-JBMRGDGGSA-N
form   crystalline
mp   197-198 °C(lit.)
storage temp.   2-8°C

Description

Biochem/physiol Actions

Ara-C is phosphorylated to Ara-CTP and is incorporatee into DNA. It inhibits DNA replication by forming cleavage complexes with topoisomerase I resulting in DNA fragmentation, and ultimately induces apoptosis via the PKC signaling pathway. Does not inhibit RNA synthesis. Anti-leukemia agent.

Packaging

1, 5 g in glass bottle

100, 500 mg in glass bottle

25 mg in poly bottle

Features and Benefits

This compound is also offered as part of Sigma′s Library of Pharmacologically Active Compounds (LOPAC®1280), a biologically annotated collection of high-quality, ready-to-screen compounds. Click here to learn more.

Legal Information

LOPAC is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Price and Availability


All labs need water
Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Warning
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
3
Protocols & Articles

Articles

DNA Damage and Repair

Damage to cellular DNA is involved in mutagenesis and the development of cancer. The DNA in a human cell undergoes several thousand to a million damaging events per day, generated by both external (e...
Keywords: AGE, Alkylations, Apoptosis, Biochemistry, Cancer, Carcinogens, Catalysis, Clinical, DNA replication, Deaminations, Degradations, Eliminations, Environmental, Enzymology, Gene expression, Genetic, Infrared spectroscopy, Metabolites, Methylations, Mutagens, Oncology, Oxidations, Polymorphisms, Rearrangements, Recombination, Substitutions, Transcription, transformation

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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