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C7268 Sigma

Chymostatin

microbial

Synonym: N-(Nα-Carbonyl-Cpd-X-Phe-al)-Phe (Cpd = capreomycidine) (capreomycidine = [S,S]-α-(2-Iminohexahydro-4-pyrimidyl)glycine)

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Description

Biochem/physiol Actions

Chymostatin is a strong inhibitor of many proteases, including chymotrypsin, papain, chymotrypsin-like serine proteinases, chymases, and lysosomal cysteine proteinases such as cathepsins A,B,C, B, H, and L. It weakly inhibits human leucocyte elastase. It is effective at a final concentration of 100 to 200 μg/ml (10 to 100 μM). Chymostatin is often included in protease inhibitor cocktails used with plant extracts.

Inhibits the lysosomal proteinase cathepsin B, and the soluble Ca2+-activated proteinase. Many young plant tissues express a chomostatin-sensitive serine protease.

Other Notes

A mixture of A (major), B and C components. A: X=Leu; B: X=Val; C: X=Ile
chymostatin A MW = 607.7
chymostatin B MW = 593.7
chymostatin C MW = 607.7

Packaging

1, 5, 25, 50 mg in glass bottle

100 mg in poly bottle

Preparation Note

Solubility testing in glacial acetic acid at 10 mg/ml yields a clear solution, which is usually colorless, but can be yellow in appearance. It is reportedly also soluble in DMSO; only slightly soluble in water and short-chain alcohols; insoluble in ethyl acetate, butyl acetate, ether, hexane, and petroleum ether. Stock solutions (10 mM) can be prepared in DMSO and are stable for months at -20 °C. Stock solutions can also be made in 0.1 M HCl. Dilute solutions (10-100 μM) are only stable for several hours, due to oxidation of the terminal aldehyde.

Application

Chymostatin has been used in a study that determined that molecular calculations are useful for evaluating the interactions between ligands, including inhibitors and homologous enzymes, in docking models. Chymostatin has also been used in a study to investigate the norovirus protease as an attractive target for antiviral drug development.

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Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
3
RTECS 
GC3047700
Protocols & Articles
Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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