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C8554 Sigma

Chorionic gonadotropin human

lyophilized powder, mouse embryo tested

Synonym: Choriogonin, HCG

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Properties

Related Categories Cell Biology, Cell Culture, Cell Signaling and Neuroscience, Chorionic Gonadotropin, Core Bioreagents,
sterility   aseptically processed
form   lyophilized powder
potency   ≥5,000 I.U. per mg
mol wt   apparent mol wt 37.9 kDa by SDS-PAGE
  mol wt 37.9 kDa
drug control   Home Office Schedule 4.2
solubility   H2O: soluble1 mL/vial
  saline: soluble1 mL/vial
suitability   mouse embryo tested
shipped in   dry ice
storage temp.   −20°C
Gene Information   human ... CGA(1081)

Description

Application

Recommended for superovulation induction in mice.

General description

Note: Actual molecular weight will vary from the theoretical depending upon the degree of glycosylation. Theoretical MW is 37.9 kDa based on native form which contains 2 subunits: α = 14.9 kDa (~10.2 kDa for the polypeptide and ~4.7 kDa for the carbohydrate), and β = 23.0 kDa (~16.0 kDa for the polypeptide and ~7.0 kDa for the carbohydrate). See J. Biol. Chem. 248, 6796-6827 (1973).

Glycoprotein hormone consisting of a 92-amino acid α-chain which is identical to that of LH, FSH, and TSH; and a distinct 149-amino acid β-chain. Produced by chorionic tissue and responsible for maintaining the corpus luteum during early pregnancy. Also produced by trophoblast cell neoplasms, which are marked by elevated free hCG β-chains and hyperglycosylated hCG.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Human chorionic gondadotropin (hCG) may be used as an alternative to PMSG to induce ovulation in laboratory animals. When hCG was injected into laboratory animals via intravenous (i.v.), intraperitoneal (i.p.), or subcutaneous (s.c.) methodstet, the effective dose values for 50% of the animals (ED50) per animal and per body weight (kg) in parenthesis were as follows:
Mice: i.v. 0.2 (7.7) I.U.; i.p. 0.3 (11.5) I.U.; s.c. 0.7 (26.9) I.U.
Syrian hamsters: i.v. 1.0 (9.5) I.U.; i.p. 1.8 (17.1) I.U.; s.c. 2.6 (24.8) I.U.
Rats: i.v. 1.3 (4.6) I.U.; i.p. 3.5 (12.3) I.U.; s.c.7.5 (26.3) I.U.

Using PMSG, the ED50 values per animal and per body weight (kg) in parenthesis were as follows:
Mice: i.v. 0.8 (30.8) I.U.; i.p. 2.0 (76.9) I.U.; s.c. 2.8 (107.7) I.U
Syrian hamsters: i.v., 3.6 (34.3) I.U.; i. p., 8.0 (76.2) I.U.; s.c., 13.2 (125.7) I.U.
Rats: i.v., 6.0 (76.8) I.U.; i p., 20.8 (73.0) I.U.; s.c., 76.8 (269.5) I.U.

Price and Availability

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
GHS08  GHS08
Signal word 
Warning
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
3

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Protocols & Articles

Articles

Creating Transgenic Mice using CRISPR-Cas9 Genome Editing

While several genome editing tools have been developed in recent years, including zinc finger-based strategies and TALENs (transcription activator-like effector nucleases), none have been as efficien...
Keywords: Amplification, Cell culture, Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Gene expression, Genetic, Genetics, Immunohistochemistry, Immunology, Nutrition, Polymerase chain reaction, Recombination, Southern blot, Transcription, Transfection, Western blot

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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