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C9697 Sigma

Collagenase from Clostridium histolyticum

lyophilized powder (from sterile-filtered solution), Suitable for digestion and isolation of physiologically active pancreatic islet cells, suitable for cell culture

Synonym: Clostridiopeptidase A

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Description

Biochem/physiol Actions

Collagenase is activated by four gram atom calcium per mole enzyme. It is inhibited by ethylene glycol-bis(beta-aminoethyl ether) - N, N, N′,N′-tetraacetic acid, beta-mercaptoethanol, glutathione, thioglycolic acid and 8-hydroxyquinoline.

The collagenase product is a mixture of enzymes secreted by C. histolyticum, with different products differentiated by the relative ratios of the 10-18 components found in the secreted enzymes. The main components are two collagenases, clostripain, and a neutral protease. The synergistic action of these enzymes degrade collagen and other intracellular materialThe action of both collagenase enzymes and the neutral protease is necessary for effective release of cells from tissue. Various types of collagen are the natural substrates for collagenase.

Caution

As supplied, this product is stable for one year at -20°C. There is no loss in FALGPA or protease activity in 30 days at 37°C, 50°C and -20°C. Solutions of crude collagenase are stable if frozen quickly in aliquots (at 10 mg/mL) and kept frozen at -20°C. Further freeze-thaw cycles will damage the solution. The product retains 100% activity over 7 hours when held on ice.

Preparation Note

Solutions are prepared from type XI at 1-2 mg/mL in TESCA buffer (containing 50 mM TES, 0.36 mM Calcium chloride, pH 7.4 at 37°C).

Unit Definition

One collagen digestion unit (CDU) liberates peptides from collagen from bovine achilles tendon equivalent in ninhydrin color to 1.0 μmole of leucine in 5 hours at pH 7.4 at 37 °C in the presence of calcium ions. One FALGPA hydrolysis unit hydrolyzes 1.0 μmole of furylacryloyl-Leu-Gly-Pro-Ala per min at 25°C. One Neutral Protease unit hydrolyzes casein to produce color equivalent to 1.0 μmole of tyrosine per 5 hr at pH 7.5 at 37°C. One Clostripain Unit hydrolyzes 1.0 μmole of BAEE per min at pH 7.6 at 25°C in the presence of DTT.

Application

Collagenase from Clostridium histolyticum is used for the following applications:
• Sertoli cell isolation
• Used in the comparison of enzymatic methods
• Tissue preparations for immunocytochemistry
• Testicular sperm extraction
• Preparation of single cell suspensions
• Immunofluorescence

This product is suitable for the disaggregation of human tumor, mouse kidney, human adult and fetal brain, lung and many other epithelia tissues. It has also been shown to be effective in liver and kidney perfusion studies, digestion of pancreas, isolation of nonparenchymal rat liver cells and hepatocyte preparation. Collagenase has also been used in the preparation of arterial tissue for the study of Advanced Glycosylation End Products. This enzyme has been tested for the release of heptatocytes at a concentration of approximately 1mg/mL. Concentrations for digestion range from 0.1 to 5mg/mL.

General description

Collagenase is a protease which cleaves the triple-helical protein called collagen. There are three types of tissue collagenases, and these belong to the matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) family. Collagenase obtained from Clostridium histolyticum has a very strong activity, as it digests collagen from both ends, at temperatures as low as 4-10°C. Crude collagenase mixtures contain two major enzyme types namely, collagenase and clostripain.

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Biomedical Applications
Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
Personal Protective Equipment 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
1
Protocols & Articles

Articles

Enzymes for Cell Detachment and Tissue Dissociation

Collagenase cleaves the peptide bonds in native, triple-helical collagen. Because of its unique ability to hydrolyze native collagen, it is widely used in isolation of cells from animal tissue. Colla...
BioFiles 2006, 1.2, 3.
Keywords: Anaerobic, Biochemistry, Biofiles, Cell biology, Cell culture, Diabetes, Digestions, Enzyme activity, Fermentation, Methods, Oxidations, Purification, Type

Protocols

Enzymatic Assay of Collagenase

The continuous spectrophotometric rate determination (A345, Light path = 1 cm) is based on the following reaction:
Keywords: Extinction coefficient

Related Content

Enzymes & Proteins

Application Index | Enzyme Index | Substrate Index | Inhibitor Index | Cofactor Index | Lectin Index
Keywords: Cell signaling, Diagnostic, Drug discovery, Molecular biology

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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C9407 Collagenase from Clostridium histolyticum, powder, Suitable for the digestion and isolation of physiologically active pancreatic islet cells, suitable for cell culture

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Description

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C0627 Z-Gly-Pro-Leu-Gly-Pro

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