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C9819 Sigma

Chondroitin sulfate A sodium salt from bovine trachea

lyophilized powder, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture

Synonym: Alternating Copoly β-glucuronic acid-(1→3)-N-acetyl-β-galactosamine-4-sulfate-(1→4)




Chondroitin Sulfate A is an acidic mucopolysaccharide found in cartilage, skin, cornea, and umbilical cord. It is composed of alternating N-acetylgalactosamine, D-glucuronic acid, and sulfate residues in equimolar quantities where carbon 4 of the N-acetylgalactosamines is sulfated.


Chondroitin appears to play a regulatory role for chondrocytes, neural cells, and some tumor cells. Chondroitin sulfate B is used to study ß peptide (1-42) cytotoxicity.

Biochem/physiol Actions

As a large, negatively charged, hydrophilic molecule that is too inflexible to fold into a compact globular structure, chondroitin sulfate molecules form porous hydrated gels, providing mechanical support to tissue and allowing rapid diffusion of water-soluble molecules and migration of cells.


Store this product at 2-8°C.


5, 25 g in poly bottle

Preparation Note

This product is soluble in water at 100 mg/mL.

Price and Availability

Amplified Detection
Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
Protocols & Articles


Glycosaminoglycan Sulfation and Signaling

Glycosaminoglycans are large linear polysaccharides constructed of repeating disaccharide units. The disaccharide units that are the basis of all glycosaminoglycans (except keratan) are a combination...
Vicki Caligur
BioFiles 2008, 3.10, 4.
Keywords: Adhesion, Aminations, Angiogenesis, Anticoagulants, Apoptosis, Atomic absorption spectroscopy, Cancer, Cell biology, Cell proliferation, Cell signaling, Cellular processes, Central Nervous System, Chromatography, Coagulation, Degradations, Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Epimerizations, Gene expression, Genetic, Genomics, Growth factors, Help, High performance liquid chromatography, Inflammation, Ion-exchange chromatography, Ligands, Mass spectrometry, Methods, Microarray Analysis, Morphogenesis, Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Phosphorylations, Polymerase chain reaction, Polymerization reactions, Proteomics, Reductive aminations, Sequences, Spectroscopy, Sulfations, Transcription, Type, transformation

Glycosaminoglycans and Proteoglycans

Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) are large linear polysaccharides constructed of repeating disaccharide units with the primary configurations containing an amino sugar (either GlcNAc or GalNAc) and an uroni...
Glycobiology Analysis Manual, 2nd Edition
Keywords: Adhesion, Catalysis, Coagulation, Degradations, Growth factors, Inflammation, Ligands, Pentose phosphate pathway, Polymerization reactions, Sulfations

The Cancer Stem Cell Hypothesis

Traditionally, cancer has been viewed as a disease in which environmental or endogenous events induce mutations to critical oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes within a normal cell. The clinical man...
Keywords: Apoptosis, Asymmetric synthesis, Cancer, Catalysis, Cell culture, Cell division, Cell proliferation, Cell signaling, Clinical, Degradations, Environmental, Gastrointestinal, Gene expression, Ligands, Phosphorylations, Poisons, Transcription, Transfection, transformation

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Keywords: Angiogenesis, Cancer, Eliminations, Gene expression, Growth factors, Ligands, Metabolic Pathways, Phosphorylations

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