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D6899 Sigma

Diclofenac sodium salt

Synonym: 2-[(2,6-Dichlorophenyl)amino]benzeneacetic acid sodium salt

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Description

Biochem/physiol Actions

Standard NSAID and cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitor. Major metabolites are 4´-hydroxydiclofenac and 5´-hydroxydiclofenac. Has been used as substrate selective for CYP2C9.

Diclofenac sodium salt is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that acts as a competitive and irreversible inhibitor of prostaglandin synthetase. Its analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities are based on the prevention of the synthesis of arachinodate metabolites via cyclooxygenase inhibition. It is found to hinder the conversion of arachidonic acid to prostaglandins, which mediate inflammatory process. The NSAIDs are found to inhibit both cyclooxygenase enzymes, COX-1 and COX-2, causing undesirable gastrointestinal effect. Diclofenac sodium also functions as a scavenger of free radicals and serves a radioprotective role in restoring supercoiled form of plasmid DNA damaged by radiation back to normal. Diclofenac sodium is oxidized by the donation of electron and transfer of hydrogen atom. It can be a potential radioprotective agent.

Application

Diclofenac sodium has been used:
• to investigate its radioprotective potential in a study
• to determine the basic viscosity and hydrodynamic values of the solubilizers and their micellar adducts in a study
• as a standard for potentiometric and fluorimetric determination of diclofenac in a sequential injection analysis system
• to inhibit phase II drug metabolizing enzyme (DME) in a study to investigate the inhibitory effects of an ethanol extract of Descurainia sophia seeds on Phase I and II DMEs

Features and Benefits

This compound is a featured product for ADME Tox research. Click here to discover more featured ADME Tox products. Learn more about bioactive small molecules for other areas of research at sigma.com/discover-bsm.

This compound is also offered as part of Sigma′s Library of Pharmacologically Active Compounds (LOPAC®1280), a biologically annotated collection of high-quality, ready-to-screen compounds. Click here to learn more.

This compound is featured on the Acid-Sensing (Proton-gated) Ion Channels (ASICs) and Nuclear Receptors (PPARs) pages of the Handbook of Receptor Classification and Signal Transduction. To browse other handbook pages, click here.

This compound was developed by Novartis. To browse the list of other pharma-developed compounds and Approved Drugs/Drug Candidates, click here.

Legal Information

LOPAC is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

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Biomedical Applications
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Safety Information

Symbol 
GHS06  GHS06
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
RIDADR 
UN 2811 6.1 / PGIII
WGK Germany 
3
RTECS 
AG6330000

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Protocols & Articles

Articles

Discover Bioactive Small Molecules for ADME/Tox

A significant number of drugs that fail in clinical trials have been associated with safety issues, including unexpected drug-drug interactions (DDI) or lack of efficacy due to poor pharmacokinetics....
Keywords: Absorption, Bioactive small molecules, Clinical, Metabolism

Discover Bioactive Small Molecules for Lipid Signaling Research

Within mammalian cells, a multitude of lipid compounds are found with a variety of cellular functions, including structural components of cell membranes and as second messengers in cell signaling pat...
Keywords: Absorption, Atomic absorption spectroscopy, Cancer, Cardiovascular, Cell signaling, Diabetes, Digestions, Diseases, Growth factors, Hormones, Inflammation, Lipid Metabolism, Lipid signaling, Metabolism

The Role of Inflammation in Neurodegeneration

It is well established that the brain can sense and react to peripheral insults through the rapid induction of fever and other neuroendocrine changes in response to events such as infection and tissu...
Scott Hauser, Technology Transfer Specialist, Sigma® Life Science
Biofiles, Vol. 8, No. 19
Keywords: Adhesion, Central Nervous System, Diseases, Gene expression, Inflammation, Neurodegenerative Diseases, Reductions

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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