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  • E1145 - (±)-Epibatidine dihydrochloride hydrate

E1145 Sigma

(±)-Epibatidine dihydrochloride hydrate

≥98% (HPLC), powder

Synonym: exo-(±)-2-(6-Chloro-3-pyridinyl)-7-azabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane dihydrochloride hydrate

  • Empirical Formula (Hill Notation) C11H13ClN2 · 2HCl · xH2O

  • Molecular Weight 281.61 (anhydrous basis)

  •  PubChem Substance ID 24894390



Related Categories Agonists, Bioactive Small Molecule Alphabetical Index, Bioactive Small Molecules, Cell Biology, Cell Signaling and Neuroscience,
assay   ≥98% (HPLC)
form   powder
color   off-white
solubility   DMSO: >4 mg/mL
  methanol: soluble4 mg/mL


Biochem/physiol Actions

The activity of epibatidine at neuronal and neuromuscular nicotinic acetylcholine receptors was compared with the activity of nicotine and suxamethonium. Activation of ganglionic nicotinic receptors by epibatidine was shown in the guinea-pig ileum (contraction mediated by the cholinergic neurons of the ileum) and in pithed and atropinized rats (rise in blood pressure). Epibatidine also activated nicotinic receptors at the peripheral terminals of afferent C-fibres (rabbit ear) and in the brain (antidiuresis in rats). The agonistic effects of epibatidine were followed by long-lasting receptor desensitization. No antinociceptive effect of epibatidine was seen in rats at a dose free of motor impairment. On muscle end plate nicotinic receptors of the rat diaphragm (not responding to depolarizing agents by contraction), epibatidine was equipotent with suxamethonium in causing neuromuscular inhibition. On an extraocular muscle of the rabbit (responding to depolarizing agents by contraction) epibatidine in vitro and in situ caused a contraction at a 100-fold lower dose than suxamethonium. The Straub tail reaction in mice to epibatidine could be attributed to the sustained stimulation of motor end plate receptors of the "slow contracting" type of muscle fibres by epibatidine. Epibatidine was the most potent agonist on all neuronal and neuromuscular nicotinic receptors examined.

Features and Benefits

This compound is featured on the Acetylcholine Receptors (Nicotinic) page of the Handbook of Receptor Classification and Signal Transduction. To browse other handbook pages, click here.

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