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E1250 Sigma

Elastase from porcine pancreas

Type I, ≥4.0 units/mg protein

Synonym: Elastase from hog pancreas, Pancreatopeptidase E

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Description

Biochem/physiol Actions

Elastase hydrolyses elastin, the specific protein of elastic fibers, and digests hemoglobin, casein and fibrin.

Elastase is a single polypeptide chain of 240 amino acid residues and contains four disulfide bridges. The molecular mass is approximately 25.9 kDa. The enzyme is synthesized as an inactive zymogen, proelastase, which is converted to the active form by limited proteolysis at the N-terminal by trypsin. It is a serine protease with broad specificity. It cleaves protein at the carboxyl side of small hydrophobic amino acids such as Ile, Gly, Ala, Ser, Val, and Leu. The enzyme also hydrolyzes amides and esters such as N-Benzoyl-L-alanine methyl ester. The pH optimum is found to be 8.0-8.5. It does not require any activator, but it is inhibited by diisopropyl fluorophosphate, phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride, α2-macroglobulin, α1-antitrypsin, sulfonyl fluorides and p-dinitrophenyl diethylphosphate and high salt concentrations. It is extensively used in tissue and cell dissociation procedures. Elastase is effective in the isolation of Type II lung cells.

Packaging

Package size based on protein content

Preparation Note

2× crystallized

Unit Definition

One unit will hydrolyze 1.0 μmole of N-succinyl-L-Ala-Ala-Ala-p-nitroanilide per min, pH 8.0 at 25 °C.

Application

Elastase from porcine pancreas has been used in a study to investigate the design, synthesis and evaluation of biomimetic affinity ligands for elastases. Elastase from porcine pancreas has also been used in a study to investigate the purification and partial characterization of the pancreatic proteolytic enzymes trypsin, chymotrypsin, and elastase.

The enzyme from Sigma has been used in the development of elastase-perfused animal model . This study determined if tobacco exposure could lower the threshold of aortic injury necessary for AAA (abdominal aortic aneurysm) development. It has also been used during the isolation of type II pneumocytes from human lungs.

Price and Availability

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Personal Protective Equipment 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
3

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Protocols & Articles

Protocols

Elastase (EC 3.4.21.36) continuous spectrophotometric rate assay

The continuous spectrophotometric rate determination (A410, Light path = 1 cm) is based on the following reaction:
Keywords: Extinction coefficient

Related Content

Enzymes & Proteins

Application Index | Enzyme Index | Substrate Index | Inhibitor Index | Cofactor Index | Lectin Index
Keywords: Cell signaling, Diagnostic, Drug discovery, Molecular biology

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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