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E9644 Sigma

Epidermal Growth Factor human

EGF, recombinant, expressed in E. coli, lyophilized powder, suitable for cell culture

Synonym: EGF

Description

Frequently Asked Questions

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Components

Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF) is a small mitogenic polypeptide present throughout a large number of tissues and body fluids in many mammalian species. EGF is a member of a growth factor family characterized by 6 conserved cysteine motifs that form three disulfide bonds. Human EGF is an identical molecule to ß-urogastrone, a molecule isolated on the basis of its ability to inhibit gastric acid secretion. EGF is structurally homologous to human transforming growth factor-a, and both exert their actions through EGF receptors.

Analysis Note

The biological activity of this product is measured in a proliferation assay using BALB/MK cells. The EC50 is defined as the effective concentration of growth factor that elicits a 50% increase in cell growth in a cell based bioassay.

Biochem/physiol Actions

EGF is mitogenic for a variety of epidermal and epithelial cells, including fibroblasts, glial cells, vascular and corneal endothelial cells, bovine granulosa, HeLa cells, SV40-3T3 cells and mammary epithelial cells. Stimulation of ion fluxes, glucose transport, glycolysis, and synthesis of DNA, RNA and proteins are all cellular metabolic effects of EGF. EGF also plays a biological role in inhibition of gastric acid secretion, support of growth during fetal development and neuromodulation in the central nervous system.

Caution

This product should be stored at -20°C and will retain activity for two years. After reconstitution, it can be stored at 2-8°C for one month, or frozen in aliquots at -70°C or -20°C for longer periods.

Preparation Note

This product was lyophilized from a 0.2 μm-filtered solution of phosphate buffered saline, at pH 7.4. It should be reconstituted by adding the contents of the vial to 1 mg/mL using 10 mM acetic acid. To dilute to lower concentrations, but no fewer than 10 μg/mL, an addition of 0.1% BSA or HSA will be needed. For use in proliferation assays, further dilute the sample with medium without albumin.

Application

This product is used as a mitogen, triggering the cell to commence mitosis, in a variety of cell lines. In tissue cultures, EGF acts to reduce or eliminate the requirement for serum and can be used in conjunction with other media additives and hormone.

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