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F3668 Sigma

Monoclonal Anti-CD16−FITC antibody produced in mouse

clone 3G8, purified immunoglobulin, buffered aqueous solution

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Properties

Related Categories Alphabetical Index, Analytical Cytology, Antibodies, Antibodies for Cell Biology, Antibodies for Immune Cell Signaling and Blood,
species reactivity   human
application(s)   flow cytometry: 10 μL using 1 × 106 cells
clone   3G8, monoclonal
antibody form   purified immunoglobulin
form   buffered aqueous solution
isotype   IgG1
shipped in   wet ice
storage condition   protect from light
storage temp.   2-8°C
Gene Information   human ... FCGR3A(2214), FCGR3B(2215)
biological source   mouse
conjugate   FITC conjugate

Description

Immunogen

viable human polymorphonuclear cells.

General description

Human CD16 or FCγRIII is a 50-70kDa membrane glycoprotein expressed by neutrophils, eosinophils, cultured monocytes, natural killer (NK) cells, tissue macrophages subpopulation, and on a small subset of T cells that binds aggregated but not monomeric human IgG. It is also known as FcR3, the low affinity receptor for complexed IgG. It comprises of two truncated Ig-like cytoplasmic domains.

Antigen Background

CD16 antigen (also known as the low affinity receptor for complexed IgG, or Fcγ-RIII) expressed on natural killer (NK) cells, a macrophage sub-population and weakly on granulocytes. The human CD16 molecule exhibits two truncated Ig-like domains. In NK cells and macrophages, a trans-membrane form (50-80 kDa) with a 25 amino acid cytoplasmic tail is present. This form is non-covalently associated with other receptors (FcεRIγ or the TcRξ chain). The human CD16 molecule in granulocytes is a glycosyl-phosphatidyl-inositol (GPI)-linked form.

Physical form

Solution in 0.01 M phosphate buffered saline, pH 7.4, containing 1% bovine serum albumin and 15 mM sodium azide.

Specificity

Recognizes the human CD16 antigen expressed on natural killer (NK) cells, granulocytes and a macrophage subpopulation. The antibody reacts with both NA1 and NA2 neutrophils and NK lymphocytes. It strongly labels neutrophils in tissue frozen sections. Liver Kupffer cells are weakly stained. The epitope recognized by the antibody seems to reside near the IgG binding site of FCγ-RIII. The antibody functionally blocks binding of soluble immune complexes to granulocytes and inhibits E-IgG rosettes. It induces Ca2+ increase in neutrophils.

Preparation Note

Prepared by conjugation to fluorescein isothiocyanate isomer I (FITC). This green dye is efficiently excited at 495 nm and emits at 525 nm.

Application

Monoclonal Anti-CD16-FITC antibody is suitable for receptor blocking in flow cytometry analysis.

Features and Benefits

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Biochem/physiol Actions

Human CD16 plays a pivotal role in immune responses by linking the humoral immune system with cellular effector functions. CD16 plays an important role in NK-cell function and in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). In the FcyRIII-expressing lymphocytes the NK cell activity is highly influenced through FcyRIII. CD16 exists as a transmembrane form in NK cells, macrophages and cultured monocytes with a 25 amino acid cytoplasmic tail which further connects with other receptors. The transmembrane form binds complexed IgG and mediates phagocytosis and antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC).

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Safety Information

Personal Protective Equipment  Eyeshields, Gloves, half-mask respirator (US), multi-purpose combination respirator cartridge (US)
RIDADR  NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany  nwg
Protocols & Articles

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Peer-Reviewed Papers
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References

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