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G3375 Sigma

Gliadin from wheat

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Description

Biochem/physiol Actions

The gliadins comprise a family of glutamine- and proline-rich monomeric proteins that account for 40-50% of the total protein content of wheat kernels. The alcohol-soluble gliadins aggregate with the alcohol-insoluble glutenins to form gluten, which is responsible for the structure and properties of wheat dough. The gliadins are also involved in the pathogenesis of celiac disease. an autoimmune disease in which human leukocyte antigens DQ2 and DQ8 present gliaden peptides to a subset of T cells inducing the release of proinflammatory cytokines that, in turn, induce degradation of the intestinal mucosal matrix and cell death. B cells are also stimulated to produce gluten-specific and transglutaminase 2 (TG2)-specific antibodies, the latter may result from the presentation of gliadin peptides covalently bound to TG2.

Packaging

25, 100 g in poly bottle

Quality

Crude; From Wheat Gluten

Application

Gliadins are used in evaluating the effectiveness of antigliadin antibodies as a screening test for celiac disease in children. It is used in the measurement of anti-gliadin antibodies.

General description

Gluten consists of two families of prolamins, known as gliadin and glutenin. Gliadin is a strongly hydrophobic glycoprotein, with a very poor solubility. The gliadins can be further subdivided into α-gliadins, γ-gliadins and ω-gliadins (based on their order of mobility on electrophoresis at low pH).

Price and Availability

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
3

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Protocols & Articles
Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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