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G6137 Sigma

Glutathione Peroxidase from bovine erythrocytes

lyophilized powder, ≥300 units/mg protein

Synonym: GSH-Px, Glutathione:hydrogen-peroxide oxido-reductase

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Description

Frequently Asked Questions

Frequently Asked Questions are available for this Product.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Protects cells against oxidative damage by catalyzing the reduction of hydrogen peroxide in the presence of reducing agent glutathione. In cellular membranes it may induce lipid peroxidation through the reduction of hydrogen peroxide or polyunsaturated fatty acid hydroperoxides.

Glutathione peroxidase is an enzyme which reduced lipid hydroperoxides into their corresponding alcohols. It also reduces free hydrogen peroxide in to water. In vivo it is responsible for protecting hemoglobin from oxidative breakdown.

Other Notes

Note: At the reported pH optimum of 8.8, we have found the activity to be approx. 10 times that at pH 7.0. However, to remain consistent with literature and avoid complications arising from non-enzymatic oxidation of GSH, our unit is defined at pH 7.0.

Packaging

100, 200, 500 units in serum bottle

Unit Definition

One unit will catalyze the oxidation by H2O2 of 1.0 μmole of reduced glutathione to oxidized glutathione per min at pH 7.0 at 25 °C.

Physical form

Lyophilized powder containing 25% sucrose and 2.5% dithiothreitol with sodium phosphate buffer salts

Application

Glutathione peroxidase from bovine erythrocytes was used as a positive control in cloning and characterization of full-length cDNAs encoding two glutathione peroxidases (GpXs) from Globodera rostochiensis. It was used for the determination of glutathione peroxidase activity in human milk.

Price and Availability


All labs need water
Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
3
Protocols & Articles

Articles

Cellular Derived Blood Proteins and Enzymes

Cell damage is induced by reactive oxygen species (ROS). ROS are either free radicals, reactive anions containing oxygen atoms, or molecules containing oxygen atoms that can either produce free radic...
BioFiles 2006, 1.5, 4.
Keywords: Aerobic, Alzheimer Disease, Bacterial conjugations, Biofiles, Cancer, Metabolism, Oxidations, Parkinson Disease, Reductions, Respiration

Mitochondrial Stress and ROS

Oxidative stress is implicated in the pathogenesis of lipotoxicity in both animal and human studies. Chronic oxidative stress is linked to insulin resistance in multiple tissues. Oxidative stress is ...
BioFiles 2011, 6.4, 22.
Keywords: Anti-inflammatory agents, Apoptosis, Cancer, Cell signaling, Cellular processes, Gene expression, Indicators, Metabolism, Oxidations, Respiratory

Related Content

Enzymes & Proteins

Application Index | Enzyme Index | Substrate Index | Inhibitor Index | Cofactor Index | Lectin Index
Keywords: Cell signaling, Diagnostic, Drug discovery, Molecular biology

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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