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G6142 Sigma

Glycerokinase from Cellulomonas sp.

lyophilized powder, 25-75 units/mg protein

Synonym: ATP:glycerol 3-phosphotransferase, Glycerol Kinase



Related Categories 2.7.x.x Phosphorus containing groups, 2.x.x.x Transferases, Biochemicals and Reagents, Cell Biology, Enzyme Class Index,
form   lyophilized powder
mol wt   mol wt ~128 kDa ((by gel filtration))
composition   Protein, ≥60% biuret
storage temp.   −20°C



This enzyme is useful for enzymatic determination of glycerol and triglyceride when coupled with glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (=G-3-P DH, G3D-301), glycerol-3-phosphate oxidase (=G-3-P oxidase, G3O-301, G3O-311, G3O-321) or pyruvate kinase (PYK-301) and lactate dehydrogenase (LCD-209, LCD-211), lipoprotein lipase (LPL-311, LPL-314) in clinical analysis.


1000 units in poly bottle

Unit Definition

One unit will convert 1.0 μmole of glycerol and ATP to L-α-glycerophosphate and ADP per min at pH 9.8 at 25 °C in a coupled system with PK/LDH.

Physical form

Lyophilized powder containing phosphate buffer salts and sodium gluconate

Biochem/physiol Actions

Glycerol kinase catalyzes tge MgATP-dependent phosphorylation of glycerol to produce sn-glycerol-3-phosphate and is the rate limiting enzyme in the utilization of glycerol. It is also subject to feedback regulation by fructose-1,6-bisphosphate.

Physical properties

Isoelectric point : 4.2
Michaelis constants : 4.4 x 10-5M (Glycerol), 4.3 x 10-4M (ATP)
Inhibitors : p-Chloromercuribenzoate, heavy metal ions (Pb++, Fe++, Hg++, Ag+)
Optimum pH : 9.8 (G-3-PDH system), 7.8 (G-3-P oxidase system) Optimum temperature : 500C
pH Stability : pH 5.5 x 10.0 (25oC, 20hr)
Thermal stability : below 40oC (pH 7.5, 15min)
Substrate specificity : This enzyme catalyzes the stereospecific transfer of the terminal
phosphoryl moiety of ATP to one of the primary hydroxyl group of
glycerol, forming sn-glycerol-3-P. The enzyme has the highest
specificity for glycerol, and also phosphorylates dihydroxyacetone
and glyceraldehyde (Table 1,2). Mg++ is essentially required for the

Price and Availability

All labs need water

Biomedical Applications
Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
Protocols & Articles

Related Content

Enzymes & Proteins

Application Index | Enzyme Index | Substrate Index | Inhibitor Index | Cofactor Index | Lectin Index
Keywords: Cell signaling, Diagnostic, Drug discovery, Molecular biology

Peer-Reviewed Papers


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