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G9278 Sigma

Granzyme B from mouse

≥90% (SDS-PAGE), recombinant, expressed in Pichia pastoris, buffered aqueous solution, ≥10,000 units/mg protein

Synonym: GzmB

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Description

Features and Benefits

Pichia expressed recombinant Granzyme B has the advantage over native Granzyme B as the latter can be purified only in limited amounts, and over E. coli and vaccinia virus expressed enzymes that failed to generate soluble active enzyme.

Preparation Note

Recombinant Granzyme B expressed in Pichia pastoris is a soluble secreted form of the active enzyme with the same specificities as native Granzyme B. This recombinant, active, mature Granzyme B can cleave caspase 3 both in vitro and in vivo to its signature p20/p10 forms.

Unit Definition

One unit will hydrolyze 1.0 nmole of Boc-Ala-Ala-Asp-sBzl per min at 30 °C.

Physical form

Solution in 50 mM HEPES, pH 7.5 , containing 150 mM NaCl.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Cytotoxic granules secreted by natural killer (NK) cells and cytotoxic T Lymphocytes cells are part of the mechanism used for protecting the organism from virus infected and tumor cells. Granzyme B, a serine protease, is the most prominent granzyme in a family of 11 found in the cytotoxic granules. The granzymes enter the target cell with the assistance of perforin, a critical molecule of the cytotoxic granules. In the target cell, the granzymes act on specific substrates involved with the cell death via apoptosis.
Granzyme B is a neutral serine protease that cleaves aspartic acid residues, inducing cell death by various pathways. It can cleave and activate most of the caspases in vitro and in vivo resulting in a massive amplification of the caspase dependent apoptotic pathway. In addition, granzyme B cleaves directly downstream caspase substrates as PARP DNA-PK2 and DFF45/ICAD leading to cell death. This pathway bypasses inhibition of apoptosis by viral caspase inhibitors found in virus infected cells. It has been shown that granzyme B is capable of inducing cytochrome C release from the mitochondria in a caspase independent way.

General description

Granzyme B, a 247 amino acid polypeptide, contains a leader sequence, which is cleaved by a signal peptidase and a two amino acid prodomain, which is cleaved by the lysosomal cysteine protease DPPI. The recombinant granzyme B is expressed in Pichia pastoris as the mature form and appears on SDS-PAGE as a triplet (~34, 32, and 30 kDa) due to three different glycosylations.

Price and Availability


Flow Cytometry Instruments
Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
nwg
Protocols & Articles
Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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