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G9518 Sigma

Gemfibrozil

Synonym: 2,2-Dimethyl-5-(2,5-dimethylphenoxy)pentanoic acid, 2,2-Dimethyl-5-(2,5-xylyloxy)valeric acid, 5-(2,5-Dimethylphenoxy)-2,2-dimethylpentanoic acid

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Description

Application

Gemfibrozil has been used to to study its effects on cell cycle progression in yeast. It has been used to study the effects of fibrates on cell proliferation and gene expression in human cell lines.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Gemfibrozil selectively increases Apolipoprotein A-I levels. In yeast cells, application of gemfibrozil delays the start of DNA replication. It is used as a therapeutic agent for dyslipidemia.

Features and Benefits

This compound is a featured product for ADME Tox research. Click here to discover more featured ADME Tox products. Learn more about bioactive small molecules for other areas of research at sigma.com/discover-bsm.

This compound was developed by Pfizer. To browse the list of other pharma-developed compounds and Approved Drugs/Drug Candidates, click here.

General description

Gemfibrozil is a fibric acid derivative and a hypolipidemic drug. Gemfibrozil serves as a ligand for PPARα (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α).

Other Notes

Tandem Mass Spectrometry data independently generated by Scripps Center for Metabolomics is available to view or download in PDF. G9518.pdf Tested metabolites are featured on Scripps Center for Metabolomics METLIN Metabolite Database. To learn more, visit sigma.com/metlin.

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Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
GHS07  GHS07
Signal word 
Warning
Hazard statements 
Personal Protective Equipment 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
3
RTECS 
YV7120000

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Protocols & Articles

Articles

Antilipemic Agents

Download BioFiles v7 n5 (3.18 Mb PDF) Back to Pharmaceutical Drugs and Drug Candidates homepage
Sami Barghshoon
BioFiles v7 n5, 2012, 21–24
Keywords: Anti-inflammatory agents, Cardiovascular, Chemical vapor deposition, Clinical, Diabetes, Inflammation, Oxidations, Pharmaceutical, Transcription

Cholesterol Transport

Since cholesterol is a water-insoluble molecule it must be packaged for transport within the plasma. The particles that package cholesterol, cholesteryl esters, and triglycerides for transport, are c...
BioFiles 2007, 2.7, 13.
Keywords: Esterifications, Ligands

Discover Bioactive Small Molecules for ADME/Tox

A significant number of drugs that fail in clinical trials have been associated with safety issues, including unexpected drug-drug interactions (DDI) or lack of efficacy due to poor pharmacokinetics....
Keywords: Absorption, Bioactive small molecules, Clinical, Metabolism

Discover Bioactive Small Molecules for Lipid Signaling Research

Within mammalian cells, a multitude of lipid compounds are found with a variety of cellular functions, including structural components of cell membranes and as second messengers in cell signaling pat...
Keywords: Absorption, Atomic absorption spectroscopy, Cancer, Cardiovascular, Cell signaling, Diabetes, Digestions, Diseases, Growth factors, Hormones, Inflammation, Lipid Metabolism, Lipid signaling, Metabolism

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Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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