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H0888 Sigma

Hydrocortisone

BioReagent, suitable for cell culture

Synonym: 11β,17α,21-Trihydroxypregn-4-ene-3,20-dione, 17-Hydroxycorticosterone, 4-Pregnene-11β,17α,21-triol-3,20-dione, Cortisol, Kendall’s compound F, Reichstein’s substance M

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Properties

Related Categories Cell Biology, Cell Signaling and Neuroscience, Corticosteroid, Cytokines, Growth Factors and Hormones, Hormones,
InChI Key   JYGXADMDTFJGBT-VWUMJDOOSA-N
product line   BioReagent
assay   ≥98%
form   powder
mp   211-214 °C(lit.)
suitability   suitable for cell culture
Gene Information   human ... ABCB1(5243), CYP3A4(1576), SERPINA6(866)
mouse ... Abcb1a(18671), Abcb1b(18669), Ifng(15978), Nos2(18126)
rat ... Ar(24208), Nr3c1(24413)

Description

Packaging

1, 5, 10 g in poly bottle

Reconstitution

To prepare 50 μg/mL stock solution, add 1.0 mL absolute ethanol to 1.0 mg of product, gently swirl to dissolve, add 19 mL sterile medium.

Physical form

powder-RT; stock-frozen in working aliquots, avoid repeated freeze/thaw

Application

Hydrocortisone has been used as a supplement in culture media for oligodendrocytes, colon cells and epithelial cells.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Hydrocortisone (also referred to as cortisol) is an endogenous glucocorticoid which is secreted by the adrenal gland. It is produced from the hypothalamus–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis. Hydrocortisone interacts with glucocorticoid receptors and regulates various signaling pathways. It is associated with the induction of energy mobilization, increase in cerebral perfusion rates and local glucose consumption. It is also linked with increase in cardiovascular output and respiration, redistribution of blood, delivery of molecules and energy to the brain and muscles and modulation of immune responses.

Primary glucocorticoid secreted by the adrenal cortex. It has three times the anti-inflammatory potency of corticosterone but much lower Na2+ retention potency.

Price and Availability


Laboratory Gloves

All labs need water
Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
GHS08  GHS08
Signal word 
Warning
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
3
RTECS 
GM8925000
Protocols & Articles

Articles

Insulin Signaling and Energy Homeostasis

Glucose metabolism is regulated by the opposing actions of insulin and glucagon. Insulin is released from pancreatic ß cells in response to high blood glucose levels and regulates glucose metabolism ...
Linda Stephenson, Ph.D.
Biofiles v6 n4, 2011
Keywords: Apoptosis, Biological processes, Carboxylations, Catalog, Diabetes, Gene expression, Gluconeogenesis, Glycolysis, Hormones, Metabolism, Metabolites, Transcription, Transduction, Type

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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