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I3769 Sigma

Insulin-like Growth Factor-I human

IGF-I, recombinant, expressed in E. coli, lyophilized powder, suitable for cell culture

Synonym: IGF-I, IGF, somatomedin c

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Description

Analysis Note

The biological activiy is calculated by the dose-dependent proliferation of murine BALBC/3T3 cells. ED50 corresponds to a specific activity of at least 1 x 105 units/mg.

Reconstitution

Reconstitute in water

Physical form

Lyophilized from 0.2 μm filtered solution in 50 mM acetic acid.

Biochem/physiol Actions

IGF-I also known as somatomedin C, is secreted from the liver into circulation in a process regulated by pituitary growth hormone (GH) and so it mediates the growth-promoting activity of GH. In the developing embryo IGF-I is expressed primarily by mesenchymal-derived cells. After birth IGF-I expression in most extrahepatic tissues declines and hepatic expression of IGF-I becomes GH-regulated. Expression of IGF-I outside the liver is regulated differently, depending on the specific tissues. For example, gonadotropins and sex steroids regulate IGF-I expression within the reproductive system, while parathyroid hormone and sex steroids regulate IGF-I expression in bone. IGF-I is produced in several human tumors. IGF-I is mitogenic for a variety of cells including fibroblasts, osteoblasts, smooth muscle cells, fetal brain cells, neuroglial cells, and erythroid progenitor cells. IGF-I exerts its actions exclusively through the IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR). IGF-I induces endothelial cell migration and is involved in the regulation of angiogenesis.

Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) belongs to the insulin-like growth factor (IGF; see MIM 147440) family of signaling molecules that play critical roles in cellular energy metabolism and in growth and development, especially prenatal growth. IGF-I also known as somatomedin C, is secreted from the liver into circulation in a process regulated by pituitary growth hormone (GH) and so it mediates the growth-promoting activity of GH. In the developing embryo IGF-I is expressed primarily by mesenchymal-derived cells. After birth IGF-I expression in most extrahepatic tissues declines and hepatic expression of IGF-I becomes GH-regulated. Expression of IGF-I outside the liver is regulated differently, depending on the specific tissues. For example, gonadotropins and sex steroids regulate IGF-I expression within the reproductive system, while parathyroid hormone and sex steroids regulate IGF-I expression in bone. IGF-I is produced in several human tumors. IGF-I is mitogenic for a variety of cells including fibroblasts, osteoblasts, smooth muscle cells, fetal brain cells, neuroglial cells, and erythroid progenitor cells. IGF-I exerts its actions exclusively through the IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR). IGF-I induces endothelial cell migration and is involved in the regulation of angiogenesis.

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Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
3

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Protocols & Articles

Articles

Huntington's Disease

Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant, late-onset neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a selective neuronal cell death in the cortex and striatum leading to cognitive dysfunction,...
Carolyn L. Crankshaw
BioFiles v7 n2, 2011, 9–14
Keywords: Apoptosis, Huntington Disease, Transcription

Insulin-like Growth Factors (IGF)

Insulin-like growth factors (IGF-I and IGF-II) are mitogenic and anabolic peptides structurally homologous to insulin. IGF-I and -II are single polypeptide chains of approximately 7.5 kDa comprised o...
Jennifer Fries
BioFiles 2009, 4.5, 12.
Keywords: Adhesion, Apoptosis, Biofiles, Cancer, Growth factors, Hormones, Infrared spectroscopy, Ligands, Transduction, transformation

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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