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K1003 Sigma

Ketoconazole

≥98% (HPLC)

Synonym: (±)-cis-1-Acetyl-4-(4-[(2-[2,4-dichlorophenyl]-2-[1H-imidazol-1-ylmethyl]-1,3-dioxolan-4-yl)-methoxy]phenyl)piperazine

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Properties

Related Categories Antibiotics, Antibiotics A to Z, Antibiotics G-M, Antifungal, Application Index,
InChI Key   XMAYWYJOQHXEEK-OZXSUGGESA-N
Quality Level   PREMIUM
assay   ≥98% (HPLC)
solubility   methanol: soluble50 mg/mL
Mode of action   enzyme | inhibits
antibiotic activity spectrum   Gram-positive bacteria
  fungi
  yeast
storage temp.   2-8°C
Gene Information   human ... ABCB1(5243), CYP11B1(1584), CYP11B2(1585), CYP17A1(1586), CYP19A1(1588), CYP1A2(1544), CYP24A1(1591), CYP26A1(1592), CYP3A4(1576), CYP51A1(1595), KCNH1(3756)
mouse ... Abcb1a(18671), Abcb1b(18669)
rat ... Alox5(25290), Cyp17a1(25146), Cyp51(25427), Cyp7a1(25428)

Description

Application

CYP3A4 inhibitor

Ketoconazole is a broad spectrum antifungal agent used to treat candidiasis, chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis, oral thrush, candiduria, blastomycosis, coccidioidomycosis, histoplasmosis, chromomycosis, and paracoccidioidomycosis. It is used to identify p-glycoprotein/CYP3A-limited bioavailability in the monkey model, to study interleukin 1 mediated antitumor effects, and drug interactions in vivo

Biochem/physiol Actions

Antifungal agent

Ketoconazole interacts with 14-α demethylase, a cytochrome P-450 enzyme that is necessary for the conversion of lanosterol to ergosterol. This interaction inhibits ergosterol synthesis and results in increased fungal cellular permeability. Other possible mechanisms of action are the inhibition of endogenous respiration, interaction with membrane phospholipids, inhibition of yeast transformation to mycelial forms, inhibition of purine uptake, and impairment of triglyceride and/or phospholipid biosynthesis. Ketoconazole inhibits the synthesis of thromboxane and sterols such as aldosterone, cortisol, and testosterone .

Packaging

100 mg in glass bottle

Protocols & Applications

Antibiotic Selector for application, solubility, solution stability, working concentration, and mode of action information

Price and Availability

Suggested Laboratory Gloves


Laboratory GlovesThis substance has been tested against several types of hand protection for CE compliance. Click below to find the recommended gloves for handling this product.




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Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
RIDADR 
UN2811 - class 6.1 - PG 3 - EHS - Toxic solids, organic, n.o.s., HI: all
WGK Germany 
3
RTECS 
TK7912300

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Protocols & Articles
Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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Product #

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UC280 Ketoconazole
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