• USA Home
  • L2387 - Lipopolysaccharides from Salmonella typhosa

EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND
L2387 Sigma

Lipopolysaccharides from Salmonella typhosa

purified by gel-filtration chromatography

Purchase

Description

Application

Lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) are characteristic components of the cell wall of Gram-negative bacteria. LPS and its lipid A moiety stimulate cells of the innate immune system by the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), a member of the Toll-like receptor protein family, which recognizes common pathogen-associated molecular-patterns (PAMPs).

Preparation Note

The product is soluble in water (5 mg/ml) or cell culture medium (1 mg/ml) yielding a hazy, faint yellow solution. A more concentrated, though still hazy, solution (20 mg/ml) has been achieved in aqueous saline after vortexing and warming to 70-80 oC. Lipopolysaccharides are molecules that form micelles in every solvent. Hazy solutions are observed in water and phosphate buffered saline. Organic solvents do not give clearer solutions. Methanol yields a turbid suspension with floaters, while water yields a homogeneously hazy solution.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are localized in the outer layer of the membrane and are, in noncapsulated strains, exposed on the cell surface. They contribute to the integrity of the outer membrane, and protect the cell against the action of bile salts and lipophilic antibiotics.

General description

This product is extracted from Salmonella typhosa and purified by gel filtration. The source strain is ATCC 10749.

Price and Availability


Detect Your Unseen Protein
Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
UN3373 - class 6.2 Biological substance, Category B
WGK Germany 
3
Protocols & Articles

Articles

Lipopolysaccharides

Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is the major component of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria. Lipopolysaccharide is localized in the outer layer of the membrane and is, in noncapsulated strains, e...
Glycobiology Analysis Manual, 2nd Edition
Keywords: Antibiotics, Asymmetric synthesis, Biochemistry, Cell disruption, Chemical biology, Chromatography, Clinical, Electrophoresis, Filtration, Gel electrophoresis, Gene expression, Immunology, Ion Exchange, Metabolism, Microbiology, Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, PAGE, Purification, Size-exclusion chromatography, Spectroscopy, Transduction, Veterinary

Protocols

Lipopolysaccharides

Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are characteristic components of the cell wall of Gram negative bacteria; they are not found in Gram positive bacteria. They are localized in the outer layer of the membrane...
Keywords: Adsorption, Antibiotics, Cell culture, Cell disruption, Chromatography, Culture media, Filtration, Immunology, Ion Exchange, Metabolism, Positron Emission Tomography, Purification, Size-exclusion chromatography, Solvents

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

Set your institution to view full text papers.
Related Products

Technical Service:

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Bulk Ordering & Pricing:

Need larger quantities for your development, manufacturing or research applications?