|Related Categories||Bioactive Small Molecules, Biochemicals and Reagents, Carbohydrates, Carbohydrates A to Z, Carbohydrates H-L,|
|purified by||phenol extraction|
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Lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) are characteristic components of the cell wall of Gram-negative bacteria. LPS and its lipid A moiety stimulate cells of the innate immune system by the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), a member of the Toll-like receptor protein family, which recognizes common pathogen-associated molecular-patterns (PAMPs).
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Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways mediate cellular responses to many stimuli including growth factors, hormones, cytokines and environmental stresses. MAPK pathways can be di...
The Ste20 (Sterile 20) protein kinase family consists of enzymes with sequence homology to the yeast MAP4K Ste20p in the pheromone response pathway. Based on phylogenetic relationships, they can be d...
Analysis Of Mutually Exclusive Alternatively Spliced Serpin-1 Isoforms And Identification Of Serpin-1 Proteinase Complexes In Manduca Sexta Hemolymph. Ragan, E.J., et al. J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 285, 29642-50, (2010)
Oral Administration Of Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Boulardii Reduces Mortality Associated With Immune And Cortisol Responses To Escherichia Coli Endotoxin In Pigs. Collier, C.T., et al. J. Anim. Sci. 89, 52-8, (2011)
Interferon-induced protein IFIT4 is associated with systemic lupus erythematosus and promotes differentiation of monocytes into dendritic cell-like cells. Huang X Arthritis. Res. Ther. 10(4), R91, (2008)
Myeloid differentiation protein-2-dependent and -independent neutrophil accumulation during Escherichia coli pneumonia. Cai S, Zemans RL, Young SK, et al. Am. J. Respir. Cell. Mol. Biol. 40(6), 701-9, (2009)
Induction of copper/zinc-superoxide dismutase by CCL5/CCR5 activation causes tumour necrosis factor-alpha and reactive oxygen species production in macrophages. Qiu L Immunology 128(1 Suppl), e325-34, (2009)
Constitutional flavonoids derived from Epimedium dose-dependently reduce incidence of steroid-associated osteonecrosis not via direct action by themselves on potential cellular targets. Zhang, G PLoS ONE 4(7), e6419, (2009)
Phosphatidylserine exposure by Toxoplasma gondii is fundamental to balance the immune response granting survival of the parasite and of the host. Santos TA, Portes Jde A, Damasceno-Sá JC, et al. PLoS ONE 6(11), e27867, (2011)
Amelioration of acute kidney injury in lipopolysaccharide-induced systemic inflammatory response syndrome by an aldose reductase inhibitor, fidarestat. Kazunori Takahashi et al PLoS ONE 7, e30134, (2012)
Increased in vivo activation of microglia and astrocytes in the brains of mice transgenic for an infectious R5 human immunodeficiency virus type 1 provirus and for CD4-specific expression of human cyclin T1 in response to stimulation by lipopolysaccharides. Sun J J. Virol. 82(11), 5562-72, (2008)
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