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L9023 Sigma

Lipopolysaccharides from Escherichia coli O55:B5

Detoxified

Synonym: LPS

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Description

Application

Lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) are characteristic components of the cell wall of Gram-negative bacteria. LPS and its lipid A moiety stimulate cells of the innate immune system by the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), a member of the Toll-like receptor protein family, which recognizes common pathogen-associated molecular-patterns (PAMPs).

Packaging

5 mg in glass bottle

Preparation Note

Chromatographically purified; delipidized by alkaline hydrolysis

The product is soluble in water (5 mg/ml) or cell culture medium (1 mg/ml) yielding a hazy, faint yellow solution. A more concentrated, though still hazy, solution (20 mg/ml) has been achieved in aqueous saline after vortexing and warming to 70-80 oC. Lipopolysaccharides are molecules that form micelles in every solvent. Hazy solutions are observed in water and phosphate buffered saline. Organic solvents do not give clearer solutions. Methanol yields a turbid suspension with floaters, while water yields a homogeneously hazy solution.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are localized in the outer layer of the membrane and are, in noncapsulated strains, exposed on the cell surface. They contribute to the integrity of the outer membrane, and protect the cell against the action of bile salts and lipophilic antibiotics.

General description

This product is extracted from E. coli serotype O55:B5 and purified by chromatography. The source strain is CDC 1644-70. The lipid A moiety has been partially delipidated by alkaline hydrolysis. Removal of the fatty acid portions of lipid A results in a detoxified LPS with an endotoxin level about 10,000 times lower than that of the parent LPS.

Price and Availability


Amplified Detection
Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
GHS07  GHS07
Signal word 
Warning
Hazard statements 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
3

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

Protocols & Articles

Articles

Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)

Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is the major component of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria. Lipopolysaccharide is localized in the outer layer of the membrane and is, in noncapsulated strains, e...
Glycobiology Analysis Manual, 2nd Edition
Keywords: Antibiotics, Asymmetric synthesis, Biochemistry, Cell disruption, Chemical biology, Chromatography, Clinical, Electrophoresis, Filtration, Gel electrophoresis, Gene expression, Immunology, Ion Exchange, Metabolism, Microbiology, Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, PAGE, Purification, Size-exclusion chromatography, Spectroscopy, Transduction, Veterinary

Protocols

Lipopolysaccharides

Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are characteristic components of the cell wall of Gram negative bacteria; they are not found in Gram positive bacteria. They are localized in the outer layer of the membrane...
Keywords: Adsorption, Antibiotics, Cell culture, Cell disruption, Chromatography, Culture media, Filtration, Immunology, Ion Exchange, Metabolism, Positron Emission Tomography, Purification, Size-exclusion chromatography, Solvents

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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