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M5519 Sigma

Murashige and Skoog Basal Medium

powder, plant cell culture tested

Synonym: MS Basal Medium


Related Categories Culture Media, Salts and Vitamin Mixes, Molecular Biology, Plant Biotechnology, Plant Tissue Culture
form   powder
suitability   plant cell culture tested
Featured Industry   Agriculture
storage temp.   2-8°C


Frequently Asked Questions

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Formula variant

With the macro- and micronutrients, and vitamins as described by Murashige and Skoog (1962).

Media Formulation

Preparation Note

Murashige and Skoog medium can be reconstituted from powder or by combining products that are major components of complete M&S medium, such as macronutrient mixtures and vitamin mixtures. Murashige and Skoog medium (M5519) contains the micronutrients and vitamins of the original classic formulation. It can be supplemented with sucrose, agar, auxins (IAA) and cytokinins (Kinetin) to generate a complete medium for growth plant tissue culture.


Formulated to contain 4.4 grams of powder per liter of medium.


Murashige and Skoog medium is a widely used plant tissue culture growth medium. M&S Basal Medium contains macronutrients that include high levels of nitrate and organic additives such as agar, sugars, vitamins and growth regulators. Important growth regulators frequently added to M&S include IAA (auxin/morphogen) and the Kinetin (cytokinin/cell division promoter).

Price and Availability

Plant Tissue Culture

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