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P1512 Sigma

Thermolysin from Geobacillus stearothermophilus

Type X, lyophilized powder, 30-175 units/mg protein (E1%/280)

Synonym: Protease from Geobacillus stearothermophilus, Thermophilic-bacterial protease

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Properties

Related Categories 3.4.x.x Peptidases, 3.x.x.x Hydrolases, Application Index, Biochemicals and Reagents, Enzyme Class Index,
type   Type X
form   lyophilized powder
mol wt   mol wt 34.6 kDa by amino acid sequence
purified by   crystallization
shipped in   wet ice
storage temp.   −20°C

Description

General description

Thermolysin is a protease that has specificity different from other proteases available for sequence investigations.

Packaging

1 g in glass bottle

100, 250 mg in glass bottle

25 mg in poly bottle

Preparation Note

The pH optimum is 8.0 and the optimal temperature for activity is 70 °C. Considerably stable from pH 5 to 9.5. Thermolysin has a low cleavage specificity, therefore, it produces a number of short fragments that are suitable for sequencing. Preferential cleavage: X-cleavage-Y-Z where X=any amino acid; Y=Leu, Phe, Ile, Val, Met, Ala and Z is any amino acid other than Pro. Cleavage N-terminal to Leu is preferred over cleavage of N-terminal to Phe which is preferred over the others.

Quality

Contains many extraneous enzymes.

Unit Definition

One unit will hydrolyze casein to produce color equivalent to 1.0 μmole (181 μg) of tyrosine per min at pH 7.5 at 37 °C (color by Folin-Ciocalteu reagent).

Physical form

lyophilized powder containing calcium and sodium acetate buffer salts

Application

A thermostable (thermophilic) extracellular metalloendopeptidase containing four calcium ions. Cofactors are zinc and calcium. Hydrolyzes protein bonds on the N-terminal side of hydrophobic amino acid residues. The pH optimum is 8.0 and the optimal temperature for activity is 70 °C. Considerably stable from pH 5 to 9.5. Thermolysin has a low cleavage specificity, therefore, it produces a number of short fragments that are suitable for sequencing. Preferential cleavage: X-cleavage-Y-Z where X=any amino acid; Y=Leu, Phe, Ile, Val, Met, Ala and Z is any amino acid other than Pro. Cleavage N-terminal to Leu is preferred over cleavage of N-terminal to Phe which is preferred over the others. Often used to do limited proteolysis for peptide mapping and studies of protein structure and conformational changes.

Thermolysin has been shown to have a prosequeence that acts as an intramolecular chaperone in vivo. It has also been used in a study to investigate the effects of sodium chloride on thermal stability and catalytic activity.

Thermolysin is also commonly used for the commercial synthesis of N-(benzyloxycarbonyl)-L-aspartyl-L-phenylalanine methyl ester, the precursor for the artificial sweetener aspartame.

Protocols & Applications

Non-specific Protease Activity Assay Video

Price and Availability


Biomedical Applications
Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
Personal Protective Equipment 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
3

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Protocols & Articles

Protocols

Enzymatic Assay of Protease Using Casein As a Substrate

To standardize a procedure for the enzymatic assay of Protease using Casein as a substrate at Sigma-Aldrich St. Louis.

Related Content

Enzymes & Proteins

Application Index | Enzyme Index | Substrate Index | Inhibitor Index | Cofactor Index | Lectin Index
Keywords: Cell signaling, Diagnostic, Drug discovery, Molecular biology

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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92210 Timestrip Plus 0 °C
06693 Timestrip Plus -20 °C

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