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P3838 Sigma

Protein A from Staphylococcus aureus

Soluble, Cowan Strain, essentially salt-free, lyophilized powder

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Properties

Related Categories Antibodies, Protein A, G and L Detection Reagents, Secondary Antibodies More...
form   essentially salt-free, lyophilized powder
capacity   7-14 mg/mg, solid binding capacity (human IgG)
conjugate   unconjugated
storage temp.   2-8°C
Gene Information   Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus NCTC 8325 ... SAOUHSC_00069(3919448)

Description

Application

Protein A may be conjugated with various reporter molecules including fluorescent dyes (FITC), enzyme markers (peroxidase, β-galactosidase, alkaline phosphatase), biotin, and colloidal gold without affecting the antibody binding site on the molecule. These conjugates are used to detect immunoglobulins in various immunochemical assays including western blotting, immunohistochemistry, and ELISA applications. In addition, protein A may be immobilized on a solid support such as agarose or acrylic beads for the purification of either polyclonal or monoclonal immunoglobulins. It is also routinely used for immunoprecipitation assays.

Packaging

1, 5, 20 mg in serum bottle

Preparation Note

Purified by affinity chromatography

Biochem/physiol Actions

Protein A is a highly stable cell surface receptor produced by several strains of Staphylococcus aureus. It consists of a single polypeptide chain of molecular weight 42 kDa, containing four repetitive domains rich in aspartic and glutamic acids but devoid of cysteine. It contains little or no carbohydrate and only 4 tyrosine residues and no tryptophans. Protein A is capable of binding to the Fc portion of immunoglobulins, especially IgGs, from a large number of species. One protein A molecule has been shown to bind at least 2 molecules of IgG simultaneously. The IgG binding domain of Protein A consists of three anti-parallel α-helicies, the third of which is disrupted when the protein is complexed with the Fc region of the immunoglobulins. Protein A will bind the Fc portion of human IgG subclasses, IgM, IgA and IgE; and mouse IgG1 (weakly), IgG2a, and IgG2b. Protein A also binds IgGs from other species, including monkey, rabbit, pig, guinea pig, dog, and cat.
Protein A also participates in a number of different protective biological functions including anti-tumor, toxic, and carcinogenic activities. In addition to acting as an immunomodulator, it also has antifungal and antiparasitic properties.

Price and Availability


Detect Your Unseen Protein
Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
3

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Protocols & Articles

Articles

Antibody Basics

Immunoglobulins (Igs) are produced by B lymphocytes and secreted into plasma. The Ig molecule in monomeric form is a glycoprotein with a molecular weight of approximately 150 kDa that is shaped more ...
Keywords: Affinity chromatography, Centrifugation, Chromatography, Digestions, Direct immunofluorescence, Gene expression, High performance liquid chromatography, Immunofluorescence, Ion Exchange, Microscopy, Precipitation, Purification, Rheumatology, Scanning electron microscopy

How to Choose a Secondary Antibody

The following information is provided to help you decide which secondary antibody may be best for your particular application.
Keywords: Amplification, Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Flow cytometry, Immobilization, Immunocytochemistry, Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry, Western blot

Secondary Antibodies, Conjugates and Kits

Secondary antibodies are polyclonal or monoclonal antibodies that bind to primary antibodies or antibody fragments, such as the Fc or Fab regions. They are typically labeled with probes that make the...
Keywords: Absorption, Adsorption, Amplification, Bacterial conjugations, Cancer, Digestions, Electrophoresis, Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Flow cytometry, Gel electrophoresis, Gene expression, Hormones, Immobilization, Immunocytochemistry, Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry, Immunology, Immunoprecipitation, Infrared spectroscopy, Microbiology, Microscopy, Purification, Vitamins, Western blot

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Monoclonal and polyclonal primary antibodies are focused on cell biology, neurobiology and molecular biology. Secondary antibodies targeting multiple host’s IgG are conjugated to alkaline phosphatase...
Keywords: Amplification, Buffers, Cell biology, Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry, Immunoprecipitation, Molecular biology, Phosphorylations, Purification, Western blot

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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