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P5521 Sigma

Phosphatase, Alkaline from bovine intestinal mucosa

≥2,000 DEA units/mg protein

Synonym: Alkaline phosphatase, Orthophosphoric-monoester phosphohydrolase (alkaline optimum)

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Description

Analysis Note

Package sizes are based on DEA units

Protein determined by biuret.

Packaging

1000, 2000, 10000, 50000 units in serum bottle

Preparation Note

Affinity purified

This product is prepared from bovine intestinal mucosa. Dilutions should be made in 10 mM Tris-HCl, pH 8.0, 1-5 mM magnesium chloride, 0.1-0.2 mM zinc chloride, and 50% glycerol and stored at 2-8 °C.

Unit Definition

One DEA unit will hydrolyze 1 μmole of 4-nitrophenyl phosphate per minute at pH 9.8 at 37 °C. (One glycine unit is equivalent to ~3 DEA units)

Physical form

solution in 3.2 M ammonium sulfate, 1 mM MgCl2 and 0.1 mM ZnCl2, pH 7.0

Application

Alkaline phosphatase can be used to dephosphorylate casein and other proteins. Alkaline phosphatase may be also be used to dephosphorylate the 5′-termini of DNA or RNA to prevent self-ligation. DNA or RNA can also be tagged with radiolabeled phosphate (via T4 polynucleotide kinase) after dephosphorylation with alkaline phosphatase..

Alkaline phosphatase is used for conjugation to antibodies and other proteins for ELISA, Western blotting, and histochemical detection. It is routinely used to dephosphorylate proteins, such as casein, and nucleic acids. It may be used for protein labeling when high sensitivity is required. Alkaline phosphatase may be also be used to dephosphorylate the 5′-termini of DNA or RNA to prevent self-ligation. DNA or RNA can also be tagged with radiolabeled phosphate (via T4 polynucleotide kinase) after dephosphorylation with alkaline phosphatase. Product P5521 has been used to study GTP hydrolysis .

High specific activity grade recommended for antibody and protein conjugation.

The enzyme from Sigma has been used in the assay of phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate and phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate. It has also been used for alkaline phosphatase assays using a Nafion®-modified electrode.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Alkaline phosphatase, from bovine intestinal mucosa, is most stable in the pH range 7.5-9.5. The enzyme has a broad specificity for phosphate esters of alcohols, amines, pyrophosphate, and phenols and it requires zinc, and magnesium or calcium divalent ions for activity.

The enzyme has a broad specificity for phosphate esters of alcohols, amines, pyrophosphate, and phenols. It is routinely used to dephosphorylate proteins and nucleic acids.

General description

The enzyme is a glycoprotein containing approximately 12% carbohydrate (6% hexoses and 6% other neutral sugars). Each molecule of alkaline phosphatase contains four zinc atoms and four disulfide bridges. Maximal activity with alkaline phosphatase is achieved in the presence of magnesium. It catalyzes the hydrolysis of phosphate monoesters such as p-nitrophenyl phosphate, phenyl phosphate, phenolphthalein phosphate, α-glycerol phosphate, β-glycerol phosphate, 2-phosphorylglycerate, triosephosphate, glucose-6-phosphate, glucose 1-phosphate, fructose 1-phosphate, fructose 6-phosphate, adenosine 5-phosphate adenosine 3-phosphate, phosphoenolpyruvate, and β-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate. Arsenate, cysteine, iodine, inorganic phosphate, pyrophosphate, diisopropyl phosphate, triphenylphosphate, diisopropyl fluorophosphate, and L-phenylalanine are some of the strong inhibitors of alkaline phosphatase.

Physical properties

Bovine intestinal alkaline phosphatase is a dimeric, membrane-derived glycoprotein. At least three isoforms exist, which typically possess two N-linked and one or more O-linked glycans per monomer.2 The enzyme requires zinc, and magnesium or calcium divalent ions for activity.

Bovine intestinal alkaline phosphatase is a dimeric, membrane-derived glycoprotein. At least three isoforms exist, which typically possess two N-linked and one or more O-linked glycans per monomer.

Legal Information

Nafion is a registered trademark of The Chemours Company FC, LLC

Price and Availability


Amplified Detection
Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
1
Protocols & Articles

Articles

Ammonium Sulfate Suspensions - Technical Note

Note that for an ammonium sulfate suspension, most of the enzyme will be in solid form. It is likely that only negligible amounts of enzyme will be in the ammonium sulfate solution.
Keywords: Enzyme activity

Antibody Basics

Immunoglobulins (Igs) are produced by B lymphocytes and secreted into plasma. The Ig molecule in monomeric form is a glycoprotein with a molecular weight of approximately 150 kDa that is shaped more ...
Keywords: Affinity chromatography, Centrifugation, Chromatography, Digestions, Direct immunofluorescence, Gene expression, High performance liquid chromatography, Immunofluorescence, Ion Exchange, Microscopy, Precipitation, Purification, Rheumatology, Scanning electron microscopy

Protocols

Enzymatic Assay of Alkaline Phosphatase, Diethanolamine Assay (EC 3. 1. 3. 1)

To standardize a procedure for the enzymatic assay of alkaline phosphatase, diethanolamine assay.
Keywords: Enzyme activity, Extinction coefficient, PAGE

Related Content

Antibody Explorer - Over 80,000 Products

Monoclonal and polyclonal primary antibodies are focused on cell biology, neurobiology and molecular biology. Secondary antibodies targeting multiple host’s IgG are conjugated to alkaline phosphatase...
Keywords: Amplification, Buffers, Cell biology, Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry, Immunoprecipitation, Molecular biology, Phosphorylations, Purification, Western blot

Enzymes & Proteins

Application Index | Enzyme Index | Substrate Index | Inhibitor Index | Cofactor Index | Lectin Index
Keywords: Cell signaling, Diagnostic, Drug discovery, Molecular biology

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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