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P6556 Sigma

Proteinase K from Tritirachium album

lyophilized powder, ≥30 units/mg protein

Synonym: Endopeptidase K

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Description

Biochem/physiol Actions

Proteinase K is a stable and highly reactive serine protease. Evidence from crystal and molecular structure studies indicates the enzyme belongs to the subtilisin family with an active-site catalytic triad (Asp39-His69-Ser224). It is stable in a broad range of environments: pH, buffer salts, detergents (SDS), and temperature. In the presence of 0.1-0.5% SDS, proteinase K retains activity and will digest a variety of proteins and nucleases in DNA preparations without compromising the integrity of the isolated DNA.

Proteinase K has a broad specificity and degrades many proteins even in the native state. It mainly cleaves the peptide bond adjacent to the carboxyl group of aliphatic and aromatic amino acids with blocked α-amino groups. The optimum pH is between 7.5-9.0 and the isoelectric point is 8.9 Ca2+ (1-5 mM) is required for activation. Proteinase K is inhibited by diisopropyl fluorophosphate (DFIP), and phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride (PMSF).

Packaging

1 g in poly bottle

10, 25, 100, 500 mg in poly bottle

5 mg in glass bottle

Unit Definition

One unit will hydrolyze urea-denatured hemoglobin to produce color equivalent to 1.0 μmole of tyrosine per min at pH 7.5 at 37 °C (color by Folin-Ciocalteu reagent).

Application

Product P6556 is provided as a lyophilized powder. Product P6556 has been used to break down human lens protein. Protease footprinting by Proteinase K digestion can reveal protein-protein surface interactions. The enzyme from Sigma has been used in the pre-hybridization step of chicken embryos. It has also been used for the enrichment of PrPSc, a prion protein that is present in sheep, hamster and mouse scrapie samples.

Proteinase K is useful for the proteolytic inactivation of nucleases during the isolation of DNA and RNA.
It is used for the removal of endotoxins bound to cationic proteins such as lysozyme and ribonuclease A.
It is useful for the isolation of hepatic, yeast, and mung bean mitochondria
and is used to determine enzyme localization on membranes
It is used for the treatment of paraffin embedded tissue sections to expose antigen binding sites for antibody labeling and
for digestion of proteins from brain tissue samples for prions in Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSE) research. Product P6556 is provided as a lyophilized powder. Product P6556 has been used to break down human lens protein.

Useful for the proteolytic inactivation of nucleases during the isolation of DNA and RNA.
Removes endotoxins that bind to cationic proteins such as lysozyme and ribonuclease A.
Reported useful for the isolation of hepatic, yeast, and mung bean mitochondria
Determination of enzyme localization on membranes
Treatment of paraffin embedded tissue sections to expose antigen binding sites for antibody labeling.
Digestion of proteins from brain tissue samples for prions in Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSE) research.

Price and Availability


Laboratory Gloves

All labs need water

Biomedical Applications
Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
Personal Protective Equipment 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
1

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Protocols & Articles

Protocols

Enzymatic Assay of Proteinase K (EC 3.4.21.64)

This procedure may be used for determination of Proteinase K activity using hemoglobin as the substrate. It is not used to assay the activity of immobilized Proteinase K products, such as Catalog Num...
Keywords: Immobilization

Related Content

Enzymes & Proteins

Application Index | Enzyme Index | Substrate Index | Inhibitor Index | Cofactor Index | Lectin Index
Keywords: Cell signaling, Diagnostic, Drug discovery, Molecular biology

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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