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P7000 Sigma

Pepsin from porcine gastric mucosa

powder, ≥250 units/mg solid

Synonym: Pepsin A, Pepsin from hog stomach

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Description

Frequently Asked Questions

Frequently Asked Questions are available for this Product.

Analysis Note

Optimum pH is 2-4. Active in 4 M urea and 3 M guanidine HCl. Stable at 60 °C. Pepsin is irreversibly inactivated at pH 8.0 - 8.5.

Application

Pepsin cleavage can be used to produce F(ab′)2 fragments of antibodies. pepsin at www.sigma-aldrich.com/enzymeexplorer.

Pepsin is a peptidase used to digest proteins and is commonly used in the preparation of Fab fragments from antibodies. Pepsin, from porcine gastric mucosa, has been used to hydrolyze dry cervical samples in mice. Product P7000 is provided as a powder and has been used to treat epithelial cells from a single feline mammary carcinoma.

The enzyme from Sigma has been used to simulate in vitro gastric digestion of cooked cod. It has been used to simulate in vitro gastric digestion of cocoa mass and supplemented dietary fiber. It has also been used to increase the fraction of extractable soluble collagen and to lower the immunogenicity of the resulting collagen from bovine dermal tissue.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Preferential cleavage: hydrophobic and aromatic residues in P1 and P1′ postitions. Cleaves Phe-Val, Gln-His, Glu-Ala, Ala-Leu, Leu-Tyr, Tyr-Leu, Gly-Phe, Phe-Phe and Phe-Tyr bonds in the β chain of insulin

Pepsin hydrolyzes peptide bonds, not amide or ester linkages. Pepsin cleaves peptides with an aromatic acid on either side of the peptide bond. Sulfur-containing amino acids increase susceptibility to hydrolysis when they are close to the peptide bond. Pepsin preferentially cleaves at the carboxyl side of phenylalanine and leucine and at the carboxyl side of glutamic acid residues. Cleaves Phe-Val, Gln-His, Glu-Ala, Ala-Leu, Leu-Tyr, Tyr-Leu, Gly-Phe, Phe-Phe and Phe-Tyr bonds in the β chain of insulin
Pepsin is the major proteolytic enzyme produced in the stomach. It digests proteins through the cleavage of interior peptide linkages..

The enzyme does not cleave at valine, alanine, or glycine linkages. Z-L-tyrosyl-L-phenylalanine, Z-L-glutamyl-L-tyrosine, and Z-L-methionyl-L-tyrosine may be used as substrates for pepsin digestion. Pepsin is inhibited by several phenylalanine-containing peptides.

Other Notes

View more information on pepsin at www.sigma-aldrich.com/enzymeexplorer.

Packaging

1 kg in poly bottle

25, 100 g in poly bottle

Unit Definition

One unit will produce a ΔA280 of 0.001 per min at pH2.0 at 37 °C, measured as TCA-soluble products using hemoglobin as substrate. (Final volume = 16ml. Light path = 1cm.)

Price and Availability


Laboratory Gloves

Biomedical Applications
Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
Personal Protective Equipment 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
1
RTECS 
SC6132000

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Frequently Asked Questions

Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?
If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis. These documents are located on the product detail page under Useful Links & Tools. Click on the following link to search for a Certificate of Analysis. Please click the following link to see the details on our Product Dating Information.
How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?
A Certificate of Analysis is available by lot number and can be obtained through our Advanced Search Option: http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/catalog/AdvancedSearchPage.do
I've seen the term "1:10000" used to define Product P7000, Pepsin from porcine gastric mucosa  (Pepsin A). What does that mean?
A historical measurement of pepsin activity was the ratio of pepsin to coagulated egg white that the pepsin would digest. Thus 1:10,000 would refer to one part pepsin to 10,000 parts coagulated egg white.  More recent analyses use hemoglobin as a substrate, in place of coagulated egg white.
Can I freeze stock solutions of Product P7000, Pepsin from porcine gastric mucosa  (Pepsin A)?
Solutions of the enzyme at pH 4.4 should be stable at -20 °C for 2-3 months.
Product P7000, Pepsin from porcine gastric mucosa  (Pepsin A), can be stored at room temperature, but other pepsins are stored in the cooler or freezer.  Why is this?
This relates to autodigestion of pepsin.  P7000 is a relatively "crude" pepsin, where other proteins that are present would be more likely digestion targets.  With more purified pepsin, the risk of autodigestion increases, and storage at colder temperatures reduces that risk.
How do I find price and availability?
There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products.  Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers. 
What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?
Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS. To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product, or search here. 
My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?
Use the option to the right to "Ask a Question" by email of a Technical Service Scientist.
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Protocols & Articles

Protocols

Enzymatic Assay of Pepsin (3.4.23.1)

This procedure may be used for determination of Pepsin activity using hemoglobin as the substrate. It is a spectrophotometric stop rate determination.

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Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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