• USA Home
  • P7125 - Pepsin from porcine gastric mucosa

EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND
P7125 Sigma

Pepsin from porcine gastric mucosa

powder, ≥400 units/mg protein

Synonym: Pepsin A, Pepsin from hog stomach

Purchase

Properties

Related Categories 3.4.x.x Peptidases, 3.x.x.x Hydrolases, Application Index, Biochemicals and Reagents, Enzyme Class Index,
form   powder
mol wt   mol wt 35 kDa
solubility   10 mM HCl: soluble1.0 mg/mL, clear, colorless
storage temp.   2-8°C
Gene Information   pig ... LOC396892(396892)

Description

Analysis Note

Optimum pH is 2-4. Active in 4 M urea and 3 M guanidine HCl. Stable at 60 °C. Pepsin is irreversibly inactivated at pH 8.0 - 8.5.

Protein determined by E1%/280

Application

Pepsin cleavage can be used to produce F(ab′)2 fragments of antibodies. pepsin at www.sigma-aldrich.com/enzymeexplorer.

Pepsin is a peptidase used to digest proteins and is commonly used in the preparation of Fab fragments from antibodies. Pepsin, from porcine gastric mucosa, has been used to hydrolyze dry cervical samples in mice. Product P7125 is provided in powder form. Product P7125 has been used to denature DNA from kidney cells and to digest pathology samples from anal canal carcinomas (ACC) biopsies prior to EGFR staining.

The enzyme from Sigma has been used to obtain total vitamin B12 content in food products prior using immunoaffinity columns It has also been used to digest minced soft tissue of snails prior to the isolation of the third stage larvae (L3).

Biochem/physiol Actions

Preferential cleavage: hydrophobic and aromatic residues in P1 and P1′ postitions. Cleaves Phe-Val, Gln-His, Glu-Ala, Ala-Leu, Leu-Tyr, Tyr-Leu, Gly-Phe, Phe-Phe and Phe-Tyr bonds in the β chain of insulin

It does not cleave at valine, alanine, or glycine linkages. Z-L-tyrosyl-L-phenylalanine, Z-L-glutamyl-L-tyrosine, or Z-L-methionyl-L-tyrosine may be used as substrates for pepsin digestion. Pepsin is inhibited by several phenylalanine-containing peptides.

Pepsin hydrolyzes peptide bonds, not amide or ester linkages. Pepsin cleaves peptides with an aromatic acid on either side of the peptide bond. Sulfur-containing amino acids increase susceptibility to hydrolysis when they are close to the peptide bond. Pepsin preferentially cleaves at the carboxyl side of phenylalanine and leucine and at the carboxyl side of glutamic acid residues. Cleaves Phe-Val, Gln-His, Glu-Ala, Ala-Leu, Leu-Tyr, Tyr-Leu, Gly-Phe, Phe-Phe and Phe-Tyr bonds in the β chain of insulin
Pepsin is the major proteolytic enzyme produced in the stomach. It digests proteins through the cleavage of interior peptide linkages.

Other Notes

View more information on pepsin at www.sigma-aldrich.com/enzymeexplorer.

Packaging

100, 500 g in poly bottle

Unit Definition

One unit will produce a ΔA280 of 0.001 per min at pH 2.0 at 37 °C, measured as TCA-soluble products using hemoglobin as substrate. (Final volume = 16 mL. Light path = 1 cm.)

Price and Availability


Laboratory Gloves

Biomedical Applications
Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
Personal Protective Equipment 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
1
RTECS 
SC6132000

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Protocols & Articles

Protocols

Enzymatic Assay of Pepsin (3.4.23.1)

This procedure may be used for determination of Pepsin activity using hemoglobin as the substrate. It is a spectrophotometric stop rate determination.

Related Content

Enzymes & Proteins

Application Index | Enzyme Index | Substrate Index | Inhibitor Index | Cofactor Index | Lectin Index
Keywords: Cell signaling, Diagnostic, Drug discovery, Molecular biology

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

Related Products

inhibitor

Product #

Description

Add to Cart

P5318 Pepstatin A, microbial, ≥90% (HPLC)
P7626 Phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride, ≥98.5% (GC)

related product

Product #

Description

Add to Cart

08168 Timestrip Plus 8 °C

Technical Service:

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Bulk Ordering & Pricing:

Need larger quantities for your development, manufacturing or research applications?