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P7155 Sigma

Protein A from Staphylococcus aureus

Insoluble, Cowan Strain, cell suspension



Related Categories Antibodies, Protein A, G and L Detection Reagents, Secondary Antibodies More...
sterility   (not processed or packaged aseptically)
form   cell suspension
capacity   ≥1.2 mg/mL binding capacity (human IgG)(suspension.)
conjugate   unconjugated
storage temp.   2-8°C
Gene Information   Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus NCTC 8325 ... SAOUHSC_00069(3919448)



Protein A may be conjugated with various reporter molecules including fluorescent dyes (FITC), enzyme markers (peroxidase, β-galactosidase, alkaline phosphatase), biotin, and colloidal gold without affecting the antibody binding site on the molecule. These conjugates are used to detect immunoglobulins in various immunochemical assays including western blotting, immunohistochemistry, and ELISA applications. In addition, protein A may be immobilized on a solid support such as agarose or acrylic beads for the purification of either polyclonal or monoclonal immunoglobulins. It is also routinely used for immunoprecipitation assays.

Protein A may be used for immunoprecipitation assays1,2,3. It can be conjugated to fluorescent dyes, enzyme markers, biotin or colloidal gold and can be used in immunohistochemistry, western blotting and ELISA.

Preparation Note

Prepared by a method developed in our laboratory to ensure reproducible binding of IgG.


Formalin treated.

Physical form

~10% (wet weight/volume) of essentially non-viable S. aureus (Cowan strain) cells in 0.04 M potassium phosphate buffer, pH 7.2, 0.15 M sodium chloride containing 0.2% sodium azide.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Protein A is a highly stable cell surface receptor produced by several strains of Staphylococcus aureus. It consists of a single polypeptide chain of molecular weight 42 kDa, containing four repetitive domains rich in aspartic and glutamic acids but devoid of cysteine. It contains little or no carbohydrate and only 4 tyrosine residues and no tryptophans. Protein A is capable of binding to the Fc portion of immunoglobulins, especially IgGs, from a large number of species. One protein A molecule has been shown to bind at least 2 molecules of IgG simultaneously. The IgG binding domain of Protein A consists of three anti-parallel α-helicies, the third of which is disrupted when the protein is complexed with the Fc region of the immunoglobulins. Protein A will bind the Fc portion of human IgG subclasses, IgM, IgA and IgE; and mouse IgG1 (weakly), IgG2a, and IgG2b. Protein A also binds IgGs from other species, including monkey, rabbit, pig, guinea pig, dog, and cat.
Protein A also participates in a number of different protective biological functions including anti-tumor, toxic, and carcinogenic activities. In addition to acting as an immunomodulator, it also has antifungal and antiparasitic properties.

General description

Protein A is a 42 kD, highly stable cell surface receptor isolated from Staphylococcus aureus which binds selectively and with high affinity to the Fc portion of IgG from various species4,5. It can also be immobilized on solid support like agarose or acrylic beads and is used for purification of monoclonal or polyclonal immunoglobulins6. Protein A reacts specifically to IgG of monkey, rabbit, pig, guinea pig, dog, and cat7.

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Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Hazard Codes (Europe) 
Risk Statements (Europe) 
Safety Statements (Europe) 
WGK Germany 


Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Protocols & Articles

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Keywords: Buffers, Cell biology, Epigenetics, Immunohistochemistry, Immunoprecipitation, Molecular biology, Neuroscience, Western blot

Peer-Reviewed Papers


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1. Use of protein A-bearing staphylococci for the immunoprecipitation and isolation of antigens from cells. S.W. Kessler Meth. Enzymol. 73, 442, (1981)


2. Recovery of antigen from Staphylococcal protein A-antibody absorbants. MacSween, J.M., and Eastwood, S.L. Meth. Enzymol. 73, 459-471, (1981)


3. Antibodies: A Laboratory Manual Harlow, E, Lane, D., Cold Spring Harb. Protoc., 616-621, (1988)

4. Bacterial Fc receptors. Boyle, M.D.P., and Reis, K.J. Biotechnology 5, 697-703, (1987)

5. Some physicochemical properties of protein A from Staphylococcus aureus. . Björk, I., et al. Eur. J. Biochem. 29, 579-584, (1972)


7. Binding of immunoglobulins to protein A and immunoglobulin levels in mammalian sera. R. Lindmark et al. J. Immunol. Methods 62, 1, (1983)


Use of staphylococcal protein A as an immunological reagent. Goden, J.W. J. Immunol. Methods 20, 241-253, (1978)


Quantitation of Rare Memory B Cell Populations by Two Independent and Complementary Approaches Amanna, I.J., and Slifka, M.K. J. Immunol. Methods 317, 175-185, (2006)


Enhanced Interleukin-12 and CD40 Ligand Activities but Reduced Staphylococcus aureus Cowan 1-Induced Responses Suggest a Generalized and Progressively Impaired Type 1 Cytokine Pattern for Human Schistosomiasis Domingues, A., et al. Infect. Immun. 70, 5903-5912, (2002)


Protein A isolated from Staphylococcus aureus after digestion with lysostaphin. Sjöquist, J., et al. Eur. J. Biochem. 29, 572-578, (1972)


A randomized, placebo-controlled phase I study assessing the safety and immunogenicity of a Pseudomonas aeruginosa hybrid outer membrane protein OprF/I vaccine (IC43) in healthy volunteers. Westritschnig K, Hochreiter R, Wallner G, et al. Hum. Vaccin. Immunother. 10(1), 170-83, (2014)


6. Coligen, J.E., et al., Eds Curr. Protoc. Immunol., (1991), 8.3.1-8.3.11

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