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P7923 Sigma

Phosphatase, Alkaline from bovine intestinal mucosa

buffered aqueous glycerol solution, ≥4,000 DEA units/mg protein

Synonym: Alkaline phosphatase, Orthophosphoric-monoester phosphohydrolase (alkaline optimum)

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Properties

Related Categories 3.1.x.x Acting on esters, 3.x.x.x Hydrolases, Alkaline Phosphatase, Alkaline Phosphatase Enzymes, Analytical and Industrial Enzymes,
Quality Level   PREMIUM
form   buffered aqueous glycerol solution
mol wt   dimer mol wt ~160 kDa
concentration   ≥10.0 mg/mL
storage temp.   2-8°C

Description

Analysis Note

Package sizes are based on DEA units

Protein determined by biuret.

Packaging

2000, 10000 units in poly bottle

Unit Definition

One DEA unit will hydrolyze 1 μmole of 4-nitrophenyl phosphate per minute at pH 9.8 at 37 °C. (One glycine unit is equivalent to ~3 DEA units)

Physical form

Solution in 50% glycerol containing 5 mM Tris, 5 mM MgCl2 and 0.1 mM ZnCl2, pH 7.0

Application

Alkaline phosphatase can be used to dephosphorylate casein and other proteins. Alkaline phosphatase may be also be used to dephosphorylate the 5′-termini of DNA or RNA to prevent self-ligation. DNA or RNA can also be tagged with radiolabeled phosphate (via T4 polynucleotide kinase) after dephosphorylation with alkaline phosphatase..

Alkaline phosphatase is usually conjugated to antibodies and other proteins in immunological techniques such as ELISA, Western blotting, and immunohistochemistry. It is routinely used to dephosphorylate proteins and nucleic acids. It may be used for protein labeling when high sensitivity is required. Alkaline phosphatase may be also be used to dephosphorylate the 5′-termini of DNA or RNA to prevent self-ligation. DNA or RNA can also be tagged with radiolabeled phosphate (via T4 polynucleotide kinase) after dephosphorylation with alkaline phosphatase. Product P7923 has been used in a novel screening strategy for nitrilase-producing strains.

High specific activity grade recommended for antibody and protein conjugation.

The enzyme has been used to develop a highly sensitive immunoassay for determining one thousandth of an attomole (1 zeptomole) of alkaline phosphatase. It has been used in an immunoassay of proinsulin. It has also been used to pretreat ISG (immature secretory granule) membranes to study the phosphorylation of proteinacous components in it.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Alkaline phosphatase, from bovine intestinal mucosa, is most stable in the pH range 7.5-9.5. The enzyme has a broad specificity for phosphate esters of alcohols, amines, pyrophosphate, and phenols. It requires zinc, and magnesium or calcium divalent ions for activity.

The enzyme has a broad specificity for phosphate esters of alcohols, amines, pyrophosphate, and phenols. It is routinely used to dephosphorylate proteins and nucleic acids.

The enzyme is a glycoprotein containing approximately 12% carbohydrate (6% hexoses and 6% other neutral sugars). Each molecule of alkaline phosphatase contains four zinc atoms and four disulfide bridges. Maximal activity with alkaline phosphatase is achieved in the presence of magnesium. It catalyzes the hydrolysis of phosphate monoesters such as: p-nitrophenyl phosphate, phenyl phosphate, phenolphthalein phosphate, α-glycerol phosphate, β-glycerol phosphate, 2-phosphorylglycerate, triosephosphate, glucose-6-phosphate, glucose 1-phosphate, fructose 1-phosphate, fructose 6-phosphate, adenosine 5-phosphate adenosine 3-phosphate, phosphoenolpyruvate, and β-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate. Arsenate, cysteine, iodine, inorganic phosphate, pyrophosphate, diisopropyl phosphate, triphenylphosphate, diisopropyl fluorophosphate, and L-phenylalanine are some of the strong inhibitors of alkaline phosphatase.

Physical properties

Bovine intestinal alkaline phosphatase is a dimeric, membrane-derived glycoprotein. At least three isoforms exist, which typically possess two N-linked and one or more O-linked glycans per monomer.2 The enzyme requires zinc, and magnesium or calcium divalent ions for activity.

Bovine intestinal alkaline phosphatase is a dimeric, membrane-derived glycoprotein. At least three isoforms exist, which typically possess two N-linked and one or more O-linked glycans per monomer.

Price and Availability


Biomedical Applications
Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
3

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Protocols & Articles

Protocols

Enzymatic Assay of Alkaline Phosphatase, Diethanolamine Assay (EC 3. 1. 3. 1)

To standardize a procedure for the enzymatic assay of alkaline phosphatase, diethanolamine assay.
Keywords: Enzyme activity, Extinction coefficient, PAGE

Related Content

Enzymes & Proteins

Application Index | Enzyme Index | Substrate Index | Inhibitor Index | Cofactor Index | Lectin Index
Keywords: Cell signaling, Diagnostic, Drug discovery, Molecular biology

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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N2770 SIGMAFAST p-Nitrophenyl phosphate Tablets, tablet, To prepare 20 mL
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