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P8044 Sigma

Proteinase K from Tritirachium album

3.0-15.0 unit/mg solid, lyophilized powder

Synonym: Endopeptidase K

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Description

Biochem/physiol Actions

Proteinase K is a stable and highly reactive serine protease. Evidence from crystal and molecular structure studies indicates the enzyme belongs to the subtilisin family with an active-site catalytic triad (Asp39-His69-Ser224). It is stable in a broad range of environments: pH, buffer salts, detergents (SDS), and temperature. In the presence of 0.1-0.5% SDS, proteinase K retains activity and will digest a variety of proteins and nucleases in DNA preparations without compromising the integrity of the isolated DNA.

Proteinase K is highly active towards native proteins. It has a broad specificity and degrades many proteins even in the native state. It mainly cleaves the peptide bond adjacent to the carboxyl group of aliphatic and aromatic amino acids with blocked α-amino groups. The optimum pH is between 7.5-9.0 and the isoelectric point is 8.9. Ca2+ (1-5 mM) is required for activation. Proteinase K is inhibited by diisopropyl fluorophosphate (DFIP), and phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride (PMSF).

Packaging

1, 5 g in glass bottle

250 mg in glass bottle

Unit Definition

One unit will hydrolyze urea-denatured hemoglobin to produce color equivalent to 1.0 μmole of tyrosine per min at pH 7.5 at 37 °C (color by Folin-Ciocalteu reagent).

Application

Proteinase K is useful for the proteolytic inactivation of nucleases during the isolation of DNA and RNA. It is used for the removal of endotoxins bound to cationic proteins such as lysozyme and ribonuclease A. It is also useful for the isolation of hepatic, yeast, and mung bean mitochondria and is used to determine enzyme localization on membranes. Furthermore, it is used for the treatment of paraffin embedded tissue sections to expose antigen binding sites and for digestion of proteins from brain tissue samples. Product P8044 is provided as a lyophilized powder.

The enzyme from Sigma has been used to degrade complex I (NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase) prior to extraction of ubiquinone from Yarrowia lipolytica. It has been used to examine the effect of Proteinase k on Pythium ultimum. It has also been used to maximize the variety of peptide bonds hydrolyzed in the sediment slurry without autolytic production of amino acids from the enzyme itself.

Useful for the proteolytic inactivation of nucleases during the isolation of DNA and RNA.
Removes endotoxins that bind to cationic proteins such as lysozyme and ribonuclease A.
Reported useful for the isolation of hepatic, yeast, and mung bean mitochondria
Determination of enzyme localization on membranes
Treatment of paraffin embedded tissue sections to expose antigen binding sites for antibody labeling.
Digestion of proteins from brain tissue samples for prions in Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSE) research.

Price and Availability

Suggested Laboratory Gloves


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Available in ELITE Grade
Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
Personal Protective Equipment 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
1
Protocols & Articles

Protocols

Enzymatic Assay of Proteinase K (EC 3.4.21.64)

This procedure may be used for determination of Proteinase K activity using hemoglobin as the substrate. It is not used to assay the activity of immobilized Proteinase K products, such as Catalog Num...
Keywords: Immobilization

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Enzymes & Proteins

Application Index | Enzyme Index | Substrate Index | Inhibitor Index | Cofactor Index | Lectin Index
Keywords: Cell signaling, Diagnostic, Drug discovery, Molecular biology

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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