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S0130 Sigma

Streptozocin

≥75% α-anomer basis, ≥98% (HPLC), powder

Synonym: N-(Methylnitrosocarbamoyl)-α-D-glucosamine, Streptozotocin

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Description

Frequently Asked Questions

Frequently Asked Questions are available for this Product.

Other Notes

Mixed anomers

Packaging

1, 5 g in glass bottle

50, 100, 500 mg in glass bottle

Application

Streptozocin or streptozotocin is used to induce type 1 diabetes for medical research.

Biochem/physiol Actions

An N-nitroso-containing compound that acts as a nitric oxide donor in pancreatic islets; induces death of insulin-secreting cells, producing an animal model of diabetes. Potent DNA methylating agent that induces chromosomal breakage. Cytotoxic to neuroendocrine tumor cell lines that express the GLUT2 glucose transporter.

Clinically, the chemical is used for the treatment of pancreatic β cell carcinoma.

Features and Benefits

This compound was developed by Pfizer. To browse the list of other pharma-developed compounds and Approved Drugs/Drug Candidates, click here.

General description

Streptozocin or streptozotocin, is obtained from Streptomyces achromogenes. Streptozotocin, a glucosamine-nitrosourea, is a DNA alkylating agent that enters cells exclusively via the GLUT2 glucose transport protein. Streptozocin, a diabetagen, is especially toxic to pancreatic islet insulin-producing β-cells. It is toxic to GLUT2 positive neuroendocrine tumor cells.

Price and Availability

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
GHS08  GHS08
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
RIDADR 
UN 3077 9 / PGIII
WGK Germany 
3
RTECS 
LZ5775000
Protocols & Articles

Articles

Discover Bioactive Small Molecules for Nitric Oxide & Cell Stress Research

Exposure to harsh conditions, cellular damage, and other factors can cause stress on cells. Stress attributed directly and indirectly to oxygen is referred to as oxidative stress, which is imposed on...
Keywords: Antimicrobials, Bioactive small molecules, Cancer, Diseases, Neurodegenerative Diseases, Oxidations

Sensor Dyes

In 1998 R.F. Furchgott, L.J. Ignarro, and F. Murad received the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine for their discoveries concerning nitric oxide as a signaling molecule in the cardiovascular syst...
Monika Baeumle
BioFiles 2011, 6.3, 23.
Keywords: Applications, Biochemistry, Biological processes, Cancer, Cardiovascular, Central Nervous System, Diseases, Extinction coefficient, Indicators, Inflammation, Methods, Microscopy, Neurotransmission, Sol-gel, Type

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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