S1014 Sigma

Streptonigrin from Streptomyces flocculus


Synonym: Bruneomycin, Nigrin


Biochem/physiol Actions

Streptonigrin (SN) is an aminoquinone antitumour antibiotic. Its antineoplastic activity requires reductive activation by Xanthine-converting enzymes. It induces apoptosis by a mechanism involving NF-κB. DNA cleavage reaction and chromosome damage by SN are influenced by the nature of the metal ion present and dependent on the production of free radicals. Its antibiotic activity is iron-activated.

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