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S7381 Sigma

Soybean oil

dietary source of long-chain triglycerides and other lipids

Synonym: Soya oil from Glycine max

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Properties

Related Categories Biochemicals and Reagents, Lipids, Oils More...
refractive index   n20/D 1.4743(lit.)
density   0.917 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
  0.92 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)

Description

Packaging

1, 2.5 L in poly bottle

250 mL in poly bottle

Application

Soybean oil from Sigma is suitable for use:
• in the determination of freezing point of soybean oil1
• as a standard at 0.1% in chloroform during the quantification of lipid by a vanillin-phosphoric acid reaction2
• as a delivery vehicle of α-lipoic acid3
• to dissolve tamoxifen4
It may be used as a crude source for triglycerides and other lipids. Soybean oil is a potential raw material in oxygenated fatty acid production.5

General description

Soybean oil increases left ventricular contractility associated myosin ATPase and sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium pump (SERCA2a) in isolated hearts from rats.6 Soybean oil is shown to reduce both total and non-HDL serum cholesterol and triglycerides induced by atherogenic diet in rats.3 It may be transesterified to biodiesel using CaO as a solid base catalyst.7 It may also be transesterified to biodiesel using methanol and ethanol.8

Price and Availability


Fatty Acid and Sterol Extraction Kits

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analytical standard

analytical standard

Certified organic (NOP)

contains 4,000 ppm monomethyl ether hydroquinone as inhibitor

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Personal Protective Equipment 
WGK Germany 
nwg
RTECS 
WG4862000
Flash Point(F) 
>235.4 °F
Flash Point(C) 
>113 °C

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Protocols & Articles

Peer-Reviewed Papers

References

Set your institution to view full text papers.

1. Thermoelectric manipulation of aqueous droplets in microfluidic devices. Sgro AE, et al. Anal. Chem. 79(13), 4845-4851, (2007)

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2. Regulation of carbohydrate metabolism and flight performance by a hypertrehalosaemic hormone in the mosquito Anopheles gambiae. Kaufmann C J. Insect Physiol. 54(2), 367-77, (2008)

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3. Effects of alpha-lipoic acid on endothelial function in aged diabetic and high-fat fed rats. Sena CM, Nunes E, Louro T, et al. Br. J. Pharmacol. 153(5), 894-906, (2008)

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4. Cardiac fibrosis in mice expressing an inducible myocardial-specific Cre driver. Lexow J, Poggioli T, Sarathchandra P, et al. Dis. Model Mech. 6(6), 1470-6, (2013)

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5. Biotechnology for fats and oils: new oxygenated fatty acids. Hou, C.T. New Biotechnology 26, 2-10, (2009)

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6. Soybean oil increases SERCA2a expression and left ventricular contractility in rats without change in arterial blood pressure. Ribeiro, R.F., Jr., et al. Lipids Health Dis. 9, 53, (2010)

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7. Transesterification of soybean oil to biodiesel using CaO as a solid base catalyst. Xuejun L, et al. Fuel 87, 216-221, (2008)

8. Immobilized Pseudomonas cepacia lipase for biodiesel fuel production from soybean oil. Noureddini H, Gao X, and Philkana RS Bioresour. Technol. 96(7), 769-77, (2005)

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Novel role of enteral monosaccharides in intestinal lipoprotein production in healthy humans. Xiao C, Dash S, Morgantini C, et al. Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol. 33(5), 1056-62, (2013)

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Comparative assessment of bioremediation approaches to highly recalcitrant PAH degradation in a real industrial polluted soil. Lladó S, Covino S, Solanas AM, et al. J. Hazard. Mater. 248-249, 407-14, (2013)

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A one-pot glycerol-based additive-blended ethyl biodiesel production: a green process. Zanin FG, Macedo A, Archilha MV, et al. Bioresour. Technol. 143, 126-30, (2013)

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An assessment of the in vivo effects of intravenous lipid emulsion on blood drug concentration and haemodynamics following oro-gastric amitriptyline overdose. Perichon D, Turfus S, Gerostamoulos D, et al. Clin. Toxicol. (Phila.) 51(4), 208-15, (2013)

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In vivo effects of polyunsaturated, monounsaturated, and saturated fatty acids on hepatic and peripheral insulin sensitivity. Pereira S, Breen DM, Naassan AE, et al. Metabolism 64(2), 315-22, (2015)

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Quaternary ammonium salt containing soybean oil: an efficient nanosize gene delivery carrier for halophile green microalgal transformation. Akbari F, Yari Khosroushahi A, and Yeganeh H Chem. Biol. Interact. 225, 80-9, (2015)

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Propofol (Diprivan®) and Intralipid® exacerbate insulin resistance in type-2 diabetic hearts by impairing GLUT4 trafficking. Lou PH, Lucchinetti E, Zhang L, et al. Anesth. Analg. 120(2), 329-40, (2015)

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Effects of acute lipid overload on skeletal muscle insulin resistance, metabolic flexibility, and mitochondrial performance. Dubé JJ, Coen PM, DiStefano G, et al. Am. J. Physiol. Endocrinol. Metab. 307(12), E1117-24, (2014)

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[CNS symptoms of ropivacaine in bloodless field disappeared with Intralipid]. Widfeldt N and Kolmodin L Lakartidningen. 111(16-17), 742-3, (2014)

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β-Cell lipotoxicity after an overnight intravenous lipid challenge and free fatty acid elevation in African American versus American white overweight/obese adolescents. Hughan KS, Bonadonna RC, Lee S, et al. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 98(5), 2062-9, (2013)

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Lymphatic diamine oxidase secretion stimulated by fat absorption is linked with histamine release. Ji Y, Sakata Y, Li X, et al. Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol. 304(8), G732-40, (2013)

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Soybean oil: genetic approaches for modification of functionality and total content. Clemente TE and Cahoon EB Plant Physiol. 151(3), 1030-40, (2009)

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Influence of fish to soybean oil ratio on hepatic mononuclear cell function and survival after intraportal bacterial challenge in parenterally fed mice. Moriya T, Fukatsu K, Iwaya K, et al. Surgery 155(4), 711-8, (2014)

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Coated kapok fiber for removal of spilled oil. Wang J, Zheng Y, and Wang A Mar. Pollut. Bull. 69(1-2), 91-6, (2013)

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Duration of rise in free fatty acids determines salicylate's effect on hepatic insulin sensitivity. Pereira S, Yu WQ, Frigolet ME, et al. J. Endocrinol. 217(1), 31-43, (2013)

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Intake of farmed Atlantic salmon fed soybean oil increases insulin resistance and hepatic lipid accumulation in mice. Midtbø LK, Ibrahim MM, Myrmel LS, et al. PLoS ONE 8(1), e53094, (2013)

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Stearidonic acid-enhanced soybean oil: a plant-based source of (n-3) fatty acids for foods. Harris WS J. Nutr. 142(3), 600S-604S, (2012)

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The effect of lipid emulsion on intracellular bupivacaine as a mechanism of lipid resuscitation: an electrophysiological study using voltage-gated proton channels. Hori K, Matsuura T, Mori T, et al. Anesth. Analg. 117(6), 1293-301, (2013)

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Alterations of ultrastructural and fission/fusion markers in hepatocyte mitochondria from mice following calorie restriction with different dietary fats. Khraiwesh H, López-Domínguez JA, López-Lluch G, et al. J. Gerontol. A. Biol. Sci. Med. Sci. 68(9), 1023-34, (2013)

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The distinct effects of lipid emulsions used for "lipid resuscitation" on gating and bupivacaine-induced inhibition of the cardiac sodium channel Nav1.5. Nadrowitz F, Stoetzer C, Foadi N, et al. Anesth. Analg. 117(5), 1101-8, (2013)

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Impact of diacylglycerol and monoacylglycerol on the physical and chemical properties of stripped soybean oil. Chen B, McClements DJ, and Decker EA Food Chem. 142, 365-72, (2014)

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Enzymatic production of trans fatty acid free fat from partially hydrogenated soybean oil (PHSO)--theory, strategy and practicability. Jala RC, Xu X, and Guo Z Food Chem. 141(3), 1934-40, (2013)

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The effect of 5 intravenous lipid emulsions on plasma phytosterols in preterm infants receiving parenteral nutrition: a randomized clinical trial. Savini S, D'Ascenzo R, Biagetti C, et al. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 98(2), 312-8, (2013)

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Beads made of α-cyclodextrin and soybean oil: the drying method influences bead properties and drug release. Hamoudi MC, Saunier J, Gueutin C, et al. Drug Dev. Ind. Pharm. 39(9), 1306-14, (2013)

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Dietary linoleic acid and α-linolenic acid differentially affect renal oxylipins and phospholipid fatty acids in diet-induced obese rats. Caligiuri SP, Love K, Winter T, et al. J. Nutr. 143(9), 1421-31, (2013)

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Preparation of curcumin microemulsions with food-grade soybean oil/lecithin and their cytotoxicity on the HepG2 cell line. Lin CC, Lin HY, Chi MH, et al. Food Chem. 154, 282-90, (2014)

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Fatty acid-mediated endoplasmic reticulum stress in vivo: differential response to the infusion of Soybean and Lard Oil in rats. Nivala AM, Reese L, Frye M, et al. Metabolism 62(5), 753-60, (2013)

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Oxidative stability of soybean oil in oleosomes as affected by pH and iron. Kapchie VN, Yao L, Hauck CC, et al. Food Chem. 141(3), 2286-93, (2013)

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Detailed dimethylacetal and fatty acid composition of rumen content from lambs fed lucerne or concentrate supplemented with soybean oil. Alves SP, Santos-Silva J, Cabrita AR, et al. PLoS ONE 8(3), e58386, (2013)

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A diet containing soybean oil heated for three hours increases adipose tissue weight but decreases body weight in C57BL/6 J mice. Penumetcha M, Schneider MK, Cheek HA, et al. Lipids Health Dis. 12, 26, (2013)

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Transesterification of soybean oil using bovine bone waste as new catalyst. Smith SM, Oopathum C, Weeramongkhonlert V, et al. Bioresour. Technol. 143, 686-90, (2013)

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Decreased reticuloendothelial system clearance and increased blood half-life and immune cell labeling for nano- and micron-sized superparamagnetic iron-oxide particles upon pre-treatment with Intralipid. Liu L, Hitchens TK, Ye Q, et al. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1830(6), 3447-53, (2013)

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High levels of dietary phytosterols affect lipid metabolism and increase liver and plasma TAG in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Liland NS, Espe M, Rosenlund G, et al. Br. J. Nutr. 110(11), 1958-67, (2013)

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Protic ionic liquid as additive on lipase immobilization using silica sol-gel. de Souza RL, de Faria EL, Figueiredo RT, et al. Enzyme Microb. Technol. 52(3), 141-50, (2013)

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Agglutination of intravenously administered phosphatidylcholine-containing lipid emulsions with serum C-reactive protein. Tugirimana P, Speeckaert MM, Fiers T, et al. Nutr. Clin. Pract. 28(2), 253-9, (2013)

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Soybean oil biosynthesis: role of diacylglycerol acyltransferases. Li R, Hatanaka T, Yu K, et al. Funct. Integr. Genomics 13(1), 99-113, (2013)

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Lipids and liver dysfunction in patients receiving parenteral nutrition. Gabe SM Curr. Opin. Clin. Nutr. Metab. Care 16(2), 150-5, (2013)

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Intravenous fish oil lipid emulsion promotes a shift toward anti-inflammatory proresolving lipid mediators. Kalish BT, Le HD, Fitzgerald JM, et al. Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol. 305(11), G818-28, (2013)

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Identification and validation of quantitative trait loci for seed yield, oil and protein contents in two recombinant inbred line populations of soybean. Wang X, Jiang GL, Green M, et al. Mol. Genet. Genomics 289(5), 935-49, (2014)

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Ivermectin-induced blindness treated with intravenous lipid therapy in a dog. Epstein SE and Hollingsworth SR J. Vet. Emerg. Crit. Care (San Antonio.) 23(1), 58-62, (2013)

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Oil coating affects internal quality and sensory acceptance of selected attributes of raw eggs during storage. Nongtaodum S, Jangchud A, Jangchud K, et al. J. Food Sci. 78(2), S329-35, (2013)

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Preparation, characterization, and in vitro gastrointestinal digestibility of oil-in-water emulsion-agar gels. Wang Z, Neves MA, Kobayashi I, et al. Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem. 77(3), 467-74, (2013)

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Gestational ingestion of oxidized frying oil by C57BL/6J mice differentially affects the susceptibility of the male and female offspring to diet-induced obesity in adulthood. Chuang HC, Huang CF, Chang YC, et al. J. Nutr. 143(3), 267-73, (2013)

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Emulsified isoflurane enhances thermal transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 channel activation-mediated sensory/nociceptive blockade by QX-314. Zhou C, Liang P, Liu J, et al. Anesthesiology 121(2), 280-9, (2014)

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Consumption of stearidonic acid-rich oil in foods increases red blood cell eicosapentaenoic acid. Lemke SL, Maki KC, Hughes G, et al. J. Acad. Nutr. Diet. 113(8), 1044-56, (2013)

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Effect of sprouting and roasting processes on some physico-chemical properties and mineral contents of soybean seed and oils. Özcan MM and Al Juhaimi F Food Chem. 154, 337-42, (2014)

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Long-chain SFA at the sn-1, 3 positions of TAG reduce body fat deposition in C57BL/6 mice. Gouk SW, Cheng SF, Mok JS, et al. Br. J. Nutr. 110(11), 1987-95, (2013)

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Soybean oil fat emulsion to prevent TPN-induced liver damage: possible molecular mechanisms and clinical implications. Nishimura M, Yamaguchi M, Naito S, et al. Biol. Pharm. Bull. 29(5), 855-62, (2006)

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The use of fish oil lipid emulsion in the treatment of intestinal failure associated liver disease (IFALD). Chang MI, Puder M, and Gura KM Nutrients 4(12), 1828-50, (2012)

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Conjugated linoleic acids alter body composition differently according to physiological age in Moulard ducks. Fesler JA and Peterson DG Poult. Sci. 92(10), 2697-704, (2013)

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Effects of dietary microencapsulated sodium butyrate on growth, intestinal mucosal morphology, immune response and adhesive bacteria in juvenile common carp (Cyprinus carpio) pre-fed with or without oxidised oil. Liu W, Yang Y, Zhang J, et al. Br. J. Nutr. 112(1), 15-29, (2014)

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Mortadella sausage manufactured with Caiman yacare (Caiman crocodilus yacare) meat, pork backfat, and soybean oil. Morais CS, Morais Júnior NN, Vicente-Neto J, et al. Meat Science 95(2), 403-11, (2013)

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Effect of lipid type on growth performance, meat quality and the content of long chain n-3 fatty acids in pork meat. Morel PC, Leong J, Nuijten WG, et al. Meat Science 95(2), 151-9, (2013)

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The influence of the polyunsaturated fatty acids on body weight and anxiolytic-like behavior in female rats. Borsonelo EC, Vieira L, and Galduróz JC Nutr. Neurosci. 16(1), 2-5, (2013)

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Characterization, pharmacokinetics, tissue distribution and antitumor activity of honokiol submicron lipid emulsions in tumor-burdened mice. Zheng J, Tang Y, Sun M, et al. Pharmazie 68(1), 41-6, (2013)

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Relationship of dough thermomechanical properties with oil uptake, cooking and textural properties of instant fried noodles. Gulia N and Khatkar BS Food Sci. Technol. Int. 20(3), 171-82, (2014)

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Binding of local anaesthetics to the lipid emulsion Clinoleic™ 20%. Evans JA, Wallis SC, Dulhunty JM, et al. Anaesth. Intensive Care 41(5), 618-22, (2013)

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A multilayered supramolecular self-assembled structure from soybean oil by in situ polymerization and its applications. Kavitha V and Gnanamani A Indian J. Exp. Biol. 51(5), 400-5, (2013)

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Stability of parenteral nanoemulsions loaded with paclitaxel: the influence of lipid phase composition, drug concentration and storage temperature. Kadam AN, Najlah M, Wan KW, et al. Pharm. Dev. Technol. 19(8), 999-1004, (2014)

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Influence of the type of vegetable oil on the drug release profile from lipid-core nanocapsules and in vivo genotoxicity study. Rigo LA, Frescura V, Fiel L, et al. Pharm. Dev. Technol. 19(7), 789-98, (2014)

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Composition and antioxidant activities of Iranian Pulicaria gnaphalodes essential oil in Soybean oil. Shariatifar N, Kamkar A, Shamse-Ardekani MR, et al. Pak. J. Pharm. Sci. 27(4), 807-12, (2014)

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Lipid rescue: does the sink hold water? And other controversies. Harvey M and Cave G Br. J. Anaesth. 112(4), 622-5, (2014)

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Should transient physiologic effects following lipid administration be attributed to a cellular signaling mechanism without cellular data? Chen BC, Taylor M, Langevin M, et al. Crit. Care Med. 41(11), e389, (2013)

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Lack of allergenic soy in intralipid for total parenteral nutrition. Nicklas RA Ann. Allergy Asthma Immunol. 111(5), 423, (2013)

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Resuscitation with lipid, epinephrine, or both in levobupivacaine-induced cardiac toxicity in newborn piglets. de Queiroz Siqueira M, Chassard D, Musard H, et al. Br. J. Anaesth. 112(4), 729-34, (2014)

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The intralipid genie is out of the bottle-spin and wishful thinking. Buckley NA and Dawson AH Anaesth. Intensive Care 41(2), 154-6, (2013)

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Management of near fatal mixed tricyclic antidepressant and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor overdose with Intralipid®20% emulsion. Nair A, Paul FK, and Protopapas M Anaesth. Intensive Care 41(2), 264-5, (2013)

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Merck 14,8731

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