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T1395 Sigma

(±)-α-Lipoic acid

BioReagent, cell culture tested, ≥99%

Synonym: (±)-1,2-Dithiolane-3-pentanoic acid, 6,8-Dithiooctanoic acid, DL-α-Lipoic acid, DL-6,8-Thioctic acid, Lip(S2), Thioctic acid

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Properties

Related Categories Antioxidant, Antioxidants and Cytoprotectants, Cell Biology, Cell Signaling and Neuroscience, Cell Stress,
InChI Key   AGBQKNBQESQNJD-UHFFFAOYSA-N
product line   BioReagent
assay   ≥99%
solubility   ethanol: soluble50 mg/mL
suitability   cell culture tested
Gene Information   human ... ACHE(43), BCHE(590)
rat ... Adra1a(29412), Adra1b(24173), Adra1d(29413)

Description

Other Notes

Oxidized form

Packaging

1, 5 g in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Antioxidant and coenzyme needed for the activity of enzyme complexes such as those of pyruvate dehydrogenase and glycine decarboxylase. Exogenous thioctic acid is reduced intracellularly by two or more enzymes. The reduced form then influences a number of cell processes by direct radical scavenging, recycling of other antioxidants, increasing glutathione synthesis, and modulating transcription factor activity particularly that of NF-κB. Decreases the phagocytosis of myelin by macrophages.

Price and Availability


All labs need water
Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
GHS07  GHS07
Signal word 
Warning
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
Personal Protective Equipment 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
3
RTECS 
JP1192000

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Protocols & Articles

Articles

Dietary Antioxidants

Antioxidants protect biological systems from oxidative damage produced by oxygen-containing free radicals and from redoxactive transition metal ions such as iron, copper, and cadmium.1 During the oxi...
Biofiles Volume 2 Article 2
Keywords: Adhesion, Anti-inflammatory agents, Applications, Cancer, Cardiovascular, Catalysis, Diabetes, Diseases, Gene expression, Metabolism, Neurodegenerative Diseases, Peroxidations, Phosphorylations, Prebiotics, Probiotics, Reductions, Transcription, Transduction, Vitamins

Mitochondrial Stress and ROS

Oxidative stress is implicated in the pathogenesis of lipotoxicity in both animal and human studies. Chronic oxidative stress is linked to insulin resistance in multiple tissues. Oxidative stress is ...
BioFiles 2011, 6.4, 22.
Keywords: Anti-inflammatory agents, Apoptosis, Cancer, Cell signaling, Cellular processes, Gene expression, Indicators, Metabolism, Oxidations, Respiratory

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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