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T1426 Sigma

Trypsin from bovine pancreas

TPCK Treated, essentially salt-free, lyophilized powder, ≥10,000 BAEE units/mg protein

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Properties

Related Categories 3.4.x.x Peptidases, 3.x.x.x Hydrolases, Analytical and Industrial Enzymes, Application Index, Biochemicals and Reagents,
form   essentially salt-free, lyophilized powder
mol wt   mol wt 23.8 kDa
solubility   hydrochloric acid: soluble1 mM
Featured Industry   Diagnostic Assay Manufacturing
foreign activity   Chymotrypsin ≤0.1 BTEE units/mg protein
storage temp.   −20°C

Description

Frequently Asked Questions

Frequently Asked Questions are available for this Product.

Components

Trypsin consists of a single chain polypeptide of 223 amino acid residues, produced by the removal of the N-terminal hexapeptide from trypsinogen which is cleaved at the Lys - lle peptide bond. The sequence of amino acids is cross-linked by 6 disulfide bridges. This is the native form of trypsin, beta-trypsin. BETA-trypsin can be autolyzed, cleaving at the Lys - Ser residue, to produce alpha-trypsin. Trypsin is a member of the serine protease family.

Caution

Solutions in 1 mM HCl are stable for 1 year in aliquots and stored at -20°C. The presence of Ca2+ will also diminish the self-autolysis of trypsin and maintain its stability in solution. Trypsin will also retain most of its activity in 2.0 M urea, 2.0 M guanidine HCl, or 0.1% (w/v) SDS.

Packaging

1, 5, 100 g in glass bottle

50, 100, 250, 500 mg in glass bottle

Preparation Note

Soluble in 1 mM HCl at 1 mg/mL.
It is also TPCK-treated and dialyzed. Treatment with L-1-Tosylamide-2-phenylethyl chloromethyl ketone (TPCK) reduces the chymotrypsin activity which is usually present in trypsin.

Unit Definition

One BAEE unit will produce a A253 of 0.001 per minute at pH 7.6 at 25°C using BAEE as a substrate. One BTEE unit = 320 ATEE units

Application

For trypsin digestion of peptides, use a ratio of about 1:100 to 1:20 for trypsin:peptide. The typical use for this product is in removing adherent cells from a culture surface. The concentration of trypsin necessary to dislodge cells from their substrate is dependent primarily on the cell type and the age of the culture. Trypsins have also been used for the re-suspension of cells during cell culture, in proteomics research for digestion of proteins and in various in-gel digestions. Additional applications include assessing crystallization by membrane-based techniques and in a study to determine that protein folding rates and yields can be limited by the presence of kinetic traps.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Trypsin cleaves peptides on the C-terminal side of lysine and arginine residues. The rate of hydrolysis of this reaction is slowed if an acidic residue is on either side of the cleavage site and hydrolysis is stopped if a proline residue is on the carboxyl side of the cleavage site. The optimal pH for trypsin activity is 7-9. Trypsin can also act to cleave ester and amide linkages of synthetic derivatives of amino acids. EDTA is added to trypsin solutions as a chelating agent that neutralizes calcium and magnesium ions that obscure the peptide bonds on which trypsin acts. Removing these ions increases the enzymatic activity.

Serine protease inhibitors, including DFP, TLCK, APMSF, AEBSEF, and aprotinin, amongst others, will inhibit Trypsin.

Price and Availability


Laboratory Gloves

Biomedical Applications
Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Personal Protective Equipment 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
1
RTECS 
YN5075000

Frequently Asked Questions

Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?
If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis. These documents are located on the product detail page under Useful Links & Tools. Click on the following link to search for a Certificate of Analysis. Please click the following link to see the details on our Product Dating Information.
How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?
A Certificate of Analysis is available by lot number and can be obtained through our Advanced Search Option: http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/catalog/AdvancedSearchPage.do
What is Product T1426, Trypsin from bovine pancreas, soluble in, and how do you recommend storing solutions?
Trypsin is soluble in 1 mM hydrochloric acid (pH approximately 3). It is also surprisingly stable in 1 mM HCl. Solutions are stable for approximately 1 year when aliquoted and stored at -20°C. The presence of Ca2+ (20 mM) will also retard trypsin's ability to autodigest, and will therefore help to maintain the stability of the trypsin in solution.  For additional information on trypsin, see our product information sheet at our website: http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/etc/medialib/docs/Sigma/productinformationsheet2/t1426pis.Par.0001.File.tmp/t1426pis.pdf
How much of Product T1426, Trypsin from bovine pancreas, should I use to digest my peptide?
For trypsin digestion of peptides, use a ratio (w:w) of about 1:100 to 1:20 for trypsin:peptide. Trypsin preparations usually contain some contaminating chymotrypsin and this should be inhibited with N-tosyl-L-phenylalanyl chloromethyl ketone (TPCK). Product No. T1426 has already been treated with TPCK, so it does not need to be further treated. For additional information on trypsin, see our product information sheet at our website: http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/etc/medialib/docs/Sigma/Product_Information_Sheet/1/t1426pis.pdf
What is the extinction coefficient for Product T1426, Trypsin from bovine pancreas?
Various values have been reported in the literature for the extinction coefficient of bovine pancreatic trypsin. The E1%(280) values have ranged from 12.9 - 15.4. When we assay the protein content of Product No. T1426 in our labs here at Sigma, we use a value of 14.4.
Does Product T1426, Trypsin from bovine pancreas, work for in-gel digestions?
For in-gel digestions, we actually recommend using a methylated trypsin. Product No. T6567 is Trypsin from porcine pancreas, proteomics grade, dimethylated. For product T6567, the lysine residues of proteomics grade trypsin have been reductively methylated, resulting in a product that is resistant to autolysis. The T6567 has also been treated with TPCK to remove chymotryptic activity, further purified through affinity chromatography, and lyophilized. This results in an enzyme that gives highly specific cleavage.
How do I find price and availability?
There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products.  Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers. 
What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?
Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS. To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product, or search here. 
My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?
Use the option to the right to "Ask a Question" by email of a Technical Service Scientist.
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Protocols & Articles

Protocols

Procedure for Enzymatic Assay of Trypsin (EC 3.4.21.4)

This procedure is for products with a specification for Trypsin activity using Nα-Benzoyl-L-arginine ethyl ester (BAEE) as a substrate. The procedure is a continuous spectrophotometric rate determina...

Related Content

Enzymes & Proteins

Application Index | Enzyme Index | Substrate Index | Inhibitor Index | Cofactor Index | Lectin Index
Keywords: Cell signaling, Diagnostic, Drug discovery, Molecular biology

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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