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T1783 Sigma

Tobramycin sulfate salt

aminoglycoside antibiotic

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Properties

Related Categories Aminoglycosides, Antibacterial, Antibiotics, Antibiotics A to Z, Antibiotics T-Z,
InChI Key   ZEUUPKVZFKBXPW-TWDWGCDDSA-N
solubility   H2O: soluble50 mg/mL
Mode of action   protein synthesis | interferes
antibiotic activity spectrum   Gram-negative bacteria
storage temp.   2-8°C

Description

Biochem/physiol Actions

Tobramycin sulfate is an aminoglycoside.
Mode of Action: Binds to 70S ribosomal subunit; inhibits translocation; elicits miscoding.
Spectrum of Activity: Gram negative bacteria. Not effective against Enterococci.

Tobramycin binds irreversibly to one of two aminoglycoside binding sites on the 30 S ribosomal subunit, inhibiting bacterial protein synthesis. Tobramycin may also destabilize bacterial membranes by binding to 16 S r-RNA. It inhibits translocation and elicits miscoding. Tobramycin binds to an RNA aptamer, which is structurally similar to the A site of 16S rRNA.

Caution

Hygroscopic

Packaging

100, 500 mg in glass bottle

Application

Tobramycin is an aminoglycoside, broad-spectrum antibiotic produced by Streptomyces tenebrarius. It is effective against gram-negative bacteria, especially the pseudomonas species. It is not effective against Enterococci. It is used to inhibit bacterial protein synthesis at the level of 30S (16S rRNA) and 70S ribosomal complex assembly. It is used to treat pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infections and is used in combination with other antibiotics to treat urinary tract infections, gynecologic infections, peritonitis, endocarditis, pneumonia, sepsis, respiratory infections, osteomyelitis and other soft-tissue infections. It is a potential therapy for sinus infections. Product T1783 has been used to study antibiotic resistance.

Price and Availability

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
3

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Protocols & Articles

Articles

Aminoglycoside Analysis in Pork Muscle using Molecularly Imprinted Polymer Cleanup and LC/MS/MS Detection

Aminoglycosides are a well-known class of antibiotics that are routinely monitored in animal-derived foods. Many countries have instituted regulatory limits for aminoglycosides. There is growing conc...
Emily Barrey, Olga Shimelis, K. G. Espenschied
Reporter US, Volume 32.2
Keywords: Antibiotics, High performance liquid chromatography, Mass spectrometry, Separation, Size-exclusion chromatography, Solid phase extractions

Inhibition of Protein Synthesis by Antibiotics

Protein synthesis is a complex, multi-step process involving many enzymes as well as conformational alignment. However, the majority of antibiotics that block bacterial protein synthesis interfere wi...
BioFiles 2006, 1.4, 17.
Keywords: Antibiotics, Environmental, Peptide synthesis

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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