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T1912 Sigma

Paclitaxel

from Taxus yannanensis, powder

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Description

Caution

Paclitaxel undergoes transesterification in methanol and hydrolyzes in aqueous solutions.

Packaging

1, 5, 25 mg in glass bottle

Preparation Note

Paclitaxel is soluble in DMSO at 50 mg/ml and can be stored frozen for several months. It is also soluble in methanol (undergoes transesterification), acetonitrile and ethanol. Paclitaxel is rapidly destroyed in weakly alkaline, methanolic solutions and in strongly acidic methanolic solutions (1:1 of methanol:concentrated HCl). It is also soluble in a mixture of 50% Cremophor EL and 50% anhydrous ethanol.

Application

Paclitaxel has been used to study PREP2-tubulin interactions using coimmunoprecipitation assays on NIH3T3 cell extracts. This drug has also been used to stabilize tubulin obtained from pig brain.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Paclitaxel is a potent anti-neoplastic and anti-mitotic taxane drug, which binds to the N-terminus of β-tubulin and and stabilizes microtubules arresting the cell cycle at the G2/M phase. The microtubule damage induces apoptosis through a JNK-dependent pathway followed by a JNK-independent pathway, perhaps related to the activation of protein kinase A (PKA) or of Raf-1 kinase, resulting in phosphorylation of Bcl-2. A major metabolite via CYP2CB is 6α-hydroxypaclitaxel (6α-OHP).

Features and Benefits

This compound is a featured product for ADME Tox research. Click here to discover more featured ADME Tox products. Learn more about bioactive small molecules for other areas of research at sigma.com/discover-bsm.

This compound was developed by Bristol-Myers Squibb. To browse the list of other pharma-developed compounds and Approved Drugs/Drug Candidates, click here.

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Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Danger
Precautionary statements 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
3
RTECS 
DA8340700
Protocols & Articles

Articles

Discover Bioactive Small Molecules for ADME/Tox

A significant number of drugs that fail in clinical trials have been associated with safety issues, including unexpected drug-drug interactions (DDI) or lack of efficacy due to poor pharmacokinetics....
Keywords: Absorption, Bioactive small molecules, Clinical, Metabolism

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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