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T7039 Sigma

Transforming Growth Factor-β1 human

TGF-β1, recombinant, expressed in CHO cells, powder, suitable for cell culture

Synonym: TGF-β1, hTGF-β1

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Description

Analysis Note

The biological activity of TGF-β1 is measured in culture by inhibition of mouse IL-4-dependent proliferation of mouse HT-2 cells.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) is produced by many cell types, but is reported to be most concentrated in mammalian platelets, where it is present at approximately four times the level of TGF-β2.

TGF-β1 is a 25 kDa multifunctional peptide capable of influencing cell proliferation, differentiation, and other functions in a wide range of cell types. Transformed as well as non-neoplastic tissues release transforming growth factors and essentially all cells possess a specific TGF-β1 receptor. The multi-modal nature of TGF-β1 is seen in its ability to stimulate or inhibit cellular proliferation. In general, cells of mesenchymal origin appear to be stimulated by TGF-β1; whereas, hepatocytes, T and B lymphocytes, keratinocytes, and many epithelial cells are inhibited by the peptide. TGF-β1 interacts with Epidermal Growth Factor, Platelet Derived Growth Factor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, and T Cell Growth Factor either by enhancing or antagonizing their characteristic actions. TGF-β1 plays a fundamental role in tissue growth and differentiation by involvement in adipogenesis, myogenesis, chondrogenesis, osteogenesis, epithelial cell differentiation, and immune cell function.

Physical form

Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered aqueous solution.

Price and Availability


All labs need water
Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
3

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Protocols & Articles

Articles

Cellular Derived Blood Proteins and Enzymes

Cell damage is induced by reactive oxygen species (ROS). ROS are either free radicals, reactive anions containing oxygen atoms, or molecules containing oxygen atoms that can either produce free radic...
BioFiles 2006, 1.5, 4.
Keywords: Aerobic, Alzheimer Disease, Bacterial conjugations, Biofiles, Cancer, Metabolism, Oxidations, Parkinson Disease, Reductions, Respiration

Growth Factors in Stem Cell Biology

Growth factors are naturally occurring regulatory molecules, which bind to receptors on the cell surface. They stimulate cell and tissue function through influencing cell differentiation by changing ...
Keywords: Adhesion, Angiogenesis, Cell biology, Cell proliferation, Cellular processes, Diseases, Growth factors, Hormones, Stem cell biology, Therapeutic uses, Transcription, Transfection

Naive Pluripotent Stem Cell Culture in an Inhibitor Based 2i/LIF Containing Serum-Free and Feeder-Free Stem Cell Media

Naive pluripotent stem cells are located within the epiblast of mature blastocysts. These primitive “ground-state” cells may be cultured in vitro using specialized media and small molecule inhibitors...
Gabi Tremml, Ming Li and Vi Chu1*,
1MilliporeSigma, Bioscience Division, Temecula, CA, USA
 
Keywords: Cell culture, Gene expression, Immunocytochemistry, Microscopy, Polymerase chain reaction, Polymerase chain reaction - quantitative, Transcription

Transforming Growth Factor (TGF) Superfamily

The transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) superfamily of cytokines include the structurally related subfamily of TGF-βs, the subfamily of bone morphogenic proteins (BMP), decapentaplegic (dpp) and Vg1...
Jennifer Fries
BioFiles 2009, 4.5, 21.
Keywords: Cancer, Gene expression, Growth factors, Ligands, Phosphorylations, Transduction, Type

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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