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T8802 Sigma

Trypsin from bovine pancreas

TPCK Treated, essentially salt-free, lyophilized powder, ≥10,000 BAEE units/mg protein

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Properties

Related Categories 3.4.x.x Peptidases, 3.x.x.x Hydrolases, Analytical and Industrial Enzymes, Application Index, Biochemicals and Reagents,
sterility   aseptically filled
form   essentially salt-free, lyophilized powder
mol wt   mol wt 23.8 kDa
composition   protein, ≥95%
solubility   hydrochloric acid: soluble1 mM, clear
foreign activity   Chymotrypsin ≤0.1 BTEE units/mg protein
storage temp.   −20°C

Description

Analysis Note

Protein determined by E1%/280

General description

The trypsin molecule has two domains: one is related to the enzyme active site and the tryptophan residues; the other is related to the 8-anilinonaphthalene-1-sulfonate binding.

Other Notes

View more information on trypsin at www.sigma-aldrich.com/enzymeexplorer

Preparation Note

TPCK treated

Unit Definition

One BAEE unit will produce a ΔA253 of 0.001 per min at pH 7.6 at 25 °C using BAEE as substrate. Reaction volume = 3.2 ml (1 cm light path).

One BAEE unit will produce a A253 of 0.001 per minute at pH 7.6 at 25°C using BAEE as a substrate. One BTEE unit = 320 ATEE units

Application

For trypsin digestion of peptides, use a ratio of about 1:100 to 1:20 for trypsin:peptide. The typical use for this product is in removing adherent cells from a culture surface. The concentration of trypsin necessary to dislodge cells from their substrate is dependent primarily on the cell type and the age of the culture. Trypsins have also been used for the re-suspension of cells during cell culture, in proteomics research for digestion of proteins and in various in-gel digestions. Additional applications include assessing crystallization by membrane-based techniques and in a study to determine that protein folding rates and yields can be limited by the presence of kinetic traps.

Trypsin can be used to release adherent cells from tissue culture plates for passaging. Trypsin has been used in a study to assess the effects of macromolecular crowding on the structural stability of human α-lactalbumin. Trypsin has also been used in a study to investigate BN-PAGE analysis of Trichoderma harzianum secretome.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Trypsin cleaves peptides on the C-terminal side of lysine and arginine residues. The rate of hydrolysis of this reaction is slowed if an acidic residue is on either side of the cleavage site and hydrolysis is stopped if a proline residue is on the carboxyl side of the cleavage site. The optimal pH for trypsin activity is 7-9. Trypsin can also act to cleave ester and amide linkages of synthetic derivatives of amino acids. EDTA is added to trypsin solutions as a chelating agent that neutralizes calcium and magnesium ions that obscure the peptide bonds on which trypsin acts. Removing these ions increases the enzymatic activity.

Serine protease inhibitors, including DFP, TLCK, APMSF, AEBSEF, and aprotinin, amongst others, will inhibit Trypsin.

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Laboratory Gloves

Biomedical Applications
Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
Personal Protective Equipment 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
1
RTECS 
YN5075000
Protocols & Articles

Protocols

Procedure for Enzymatic Assay of Trypsin (EC 3.4.21.4)

This procedure is for products with a specification for Trypsin activity using Nα-Benzoyl-L-arginine ethyl ester (BAEE) as a substrate. The procedure is a continuous spectrophotometric rate determina...

Related Content

Enzymes & Proteins

Application Index | Enzyme Index | Substrate Index | Inhibitor Index | Cofactor Index | Lectin Index
Keywords: Cell signaling, Diagnostic, Drug discovery, Molecular biology

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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