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Plant Profiler

Lovage (Levisticum officinale)


Lovage (Levisticum officinale) Image
Synonyms / Common Names / Related Terms
4,5-Dimethyl-3-hydroxy-2[5H]-furanone (sotolone), β-phellandrene, α-Pinene, α-phellandrene/myrcene, ache de montagne, anjodan romi, aplo de Montana, badekraut, bladder seed, carvacrol eugenol céleri perpétuel, Cornish lavage, d-terpineol, devesil, garden lovage, gaya à tige simple, Goritsvet, gulyavitsa, harilik leeskputk, Italian lovage, lavas, legústico, lestyán, leuştean, leuşzean, levístico, Levisticum officinale, levistiko, liebstöckl, libeček, libeček lékařský, ligustico, liperi, lipstikka, livèche, ljekoviti ljupčac, lova, love parsley, løpstikke, løvstikke, lubbestok, lubczyk ogrodowy, luibh an liugair, lupstājs, lusch, luststock, maggikraut, maggiplant, magi-začin, mankracht, n-butyl-phthalide, n-butylidene phthalide old english lavage, rabaji, rabeji, reobwiji, robaji, robejji, robiji, robwiji, sea lovage, sedanonic anhydride, sedano di montagna, sedano di monte, selen, sirenas, siunas, skessujurt, vaistinė gelsvė, yuan xie gang gui, yuan ye dang gui, yuhn yihp dong gwai.

Mechanism of Action

Pharmacology:

  • Constituents: The chemicals found in lovage oil are mainly phthalides and terpenoids, including n-butylidene phthalide n-butyl-phthalide, sedanonic anhydride, d-terpineol, carvacrol eugenol, and volatile acids (1).
  • Lovage also contains many volatile chemicals including 4,5-dimethyl-3-hydroxy-2[5H]-furanone (sotolone), β-phellandrene, α-Pinene and α-phellandrene/myrcene.3,4
  • Lovage also contains coumarin.2

Pharmacodynamics/Kinetics:

  • Insufficient available evidence.

References

  1. Simon JE, Chadwick.A.F., Craker E. Herbs: An Indexed Bibliography. 1971-1980. The Scientific Literature on Selected Herbs, and Aromatic and Medicinal Plants of the Temperate Zone 1984.
  2. Heck AM, DeWitt BA, Lukes AL. Potential interactions between alternative therapies and warfarin. Am J Health Syst Pharm 2000;57(13):1221-1227. 10902065
  3. Podebrad F, Heil M, Reichert S, et al. 4,5-dimethyl-3-hydroxy-2[5H]-furanone (sotolone)--the odour of maple syrup urine disease. J Inherit Metab Dis 1999;22(2):107-114. 10234605
  4. Bylaite E, Roozen JP, Legger A, et al. Dynamic deadspace-gas chromatography-olfactometry analysis of different anatomical parts of lovage (Levisticum officinale Koch.) at eight growing stages. J Agric Food Chem 2000;48(12):6183-6190. 11312790




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