Analytical Method: Selenium in water

Instuments and Reagents:

Cat.No. 109748  Spectroquant® Photometer NOVA 30 or

Cat.No. 109751  Spectroquant® Photometer NOVA 60

Cat.No. 114944  Rectangular cells 50 mm
Cat. No. 100264 Formic acid 98-100% for analysis
3,3‘-Diaminobenzidine tetrahydrochloride (CAS 868272-85-9), e. g. Sigma-Aldrich Art. 32750
Cat.No. 109992  TitriplexIII® solution 0.1 mol/l 
Cat.No. 105432  Ammonia solution 25% for analysis
Cat.No. 108389  Toluene for gas chromatography
Cat.No. 109584  MColorpHastTM pH-indicator strips, pH 2.0 - 9.0
Cat.No. 106649  Sodium sulfate anhydrous for analysis
Cat.No. 116754  Water for analysis
Membrane filter with 0.45 μm pore diameter

 

Measuring range:
0.05 – 2.00 mg/l
        
Reagent 1

Fill 9.4 ml formic acid 100% in a calibrated or conformity-checked 100-ml volumetric flask. Make up to volume with water for analysis and mix.

 

Reagent 2

Dissolve 0.5 g 3,3’-diaminobenzidine tetrahydrochloride in 100 ml chilled water for analysis. Prepare freshly each day and store in an amber glass bottle.

 

Reagent 3

Fill 48 ml ammonia solution 25% for analysis in a calibrated or conformity-checked 100-ml volumetric flask. Make up to volume with water for analysis and mix.

    

Sample preparation:
The sample must be clear; if not, filter through a membrane filter with 0.45 μm pore diameter.

      

Analysis:
Mix 30 ml nearly neutral sample solution with 2 ml reagent 1, 2 ml Titriplex III® solution 0.1 mol/l and 2 ml reagent 2. Adjust the pH value of the mixture with reagent 3 to 2.5 and set aside for 45 min at a dark place. Adjust the pH value of the mixture again with reagent 3 to 7.0, transfer into a 100-ml separation funnel, add 15 ml water for analysis and 7 ml toluene for analysis. Shake the mixture in the closed funnel for 1 min. Allow to separate and discharge the lower water phase. Fill the toluene extract in a test tube, add some anhydrous sodium sulfate and shake. Fill the clear, dried toluene extract in a 50 mm rectangular cell and measure at 445 nm against pure toluene.

 

Parameter list:

Method number

----

Method designation

Selenium

Wavelength

445 nm

Citation

Se

Unit

mg/l

Resolution

0.01

Zero point (E0)

-0.037

Slope (E/C)

1.529

Meas. rang begin

0.05

Meas. range end

2.00

Reference cell

50 mm rect. cell

Calculation when measuring the absorbance value using NOVA photometers without programming the method in the memory of the instrument:

Concentration [mg/l] = Absorbance x 0.654 – 0.037

Calculation:
Result = measured value in mg/l Se4+

Statistical Data:

Standard deviation: 0.019 mg/l

Coefficient of variation: 2.9 %

 

Reference: J. Fries, H. Getrost.Organische Reagenzien für die Spurenanalyse. Merck 1975.  

 

Materials

     
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