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Polymer Semiconductors in Display & Optoelectronics Research

Organic polymer semiconductors are key materials for research in organic electronics. Efforts to develop field-effect transistors (FETs), plastic solar cells, organic RFIDs, and electrochemical sensors all depend on availability of reliable organic semiconductors with choices of different molecular architectures and consistent quality. Sigma-Aldrich is pleased to offer these conjugated polymer semiconductors.

Electronic grade Poly(3-alkylthiophenes) – “benchmark” high-performance organic semiconductors

Poly(3-alkylthiophenes) are used as p-channel conductors in organic FETs,1 and p-type materials in heterojunction photovoltaic (PV) devices2 with highest performance achieved to-date. Semiconductor performance of these polymers can be degraded by residual catalyst impurities,3 defects in polymer chain regiospecificity,4,5 and low molecular weight of the polymers. Our electronic-grade poly(3-alkylthiophenes) are highest quality materials available in the research market, with consistently high purity, regioregularity, and molecular weight. The choice of the hexyl-, octyl-, and dodecyl- side-chains will allow you to explore effects of polymer architecture6 without worrying about differences in quality of the materials.

Product
No.
Product Name Structure Properties*
669067 Poly(3-hexylthiophene), electronic grade (P3HT)
Avg. Mw ~ 17,500
> 99% head to tail
< 50 ppm metals
682799 Poly(3-octylthiophene), electronic grade (P3OT)
Avg. Mw ~ 25,000
> 98% head to tail
< 50 ppm metals
682780 Poly(3-dodecylthiophene), electronic grade (P3DDT)
Avg. Mw ~ 27,000
> 97% head to tail
< 60 ppm metals
*Properties: Molecular Weight, Regioregularity, Metal Content

BBL – n-type conjugated polymer

Availability of n-type (electron-mobile) organic semiconductors is one of the main challenges to fabricating n-channel FETs and heterojunctions PVs. We are pleased to offer the ladder polymer poly(benzobisimidazobenzophenanthroline (BBL), one of the few conjugated polymers showing n-channel behavior. This material, processed from solutions in methanesulfonic acid, shows high electron mobility in polymer FETs.7 Organic solar cells with promising performance were fabricated from BBL with MEH-PPV 8 and poly(3-alkylthiophene) 9 p-type polymers.

 

Prod. No. Product Name Structure Properties*   
667846 Poly(benzimidazobenzophenanthroline) (BBL)
-5.9 eV 9
- 4.0 eV 9
μe = 0.1 cm2/(V s) 7
669067 Regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT)
- 5.1 eV
-2.8 eV
μh = 0.1 cm2/(V s)
*Properties: HOMO, LUMO, Carrier Mobility

Materials

     

 References

  1. Zaumseil, J.; Sirringhaus, H. Chem. Rev. 2007, 107, 1296;
  2. Li, G.; Shrotriya, V.; Huang, J.; Yao, Y.; Moriarty, T.; Emery, K.; Yang, Y. Nature Materials 2005, 4, 864.
  3. Cugola, R.; Giovanella, U.; Di Giancincenzo, P.; Bertini, F.; Catellani, M.; Luzzati, S. Thin Solid Films 2006, 511-512, 489.
  4. Sirringhaus, H.; Brown, P.; Friend, R.; Nielsen, M.; Bechgaard, K.; Langeveld-Voss, B.; Spiering, A.; Janssen, R.; Meijer, E.; Herwig, P.; de Leeuw, D. Nature 1999, 401, 685.
  5. Kim, Y.; Cook, S.; Tuladhar, S.; Choulis, S.; Nelson, J.; Durrant, J.; Bradley, D.; Giles, M.; McCulloch, I.; Ha, C.; Ree, M. Nature Materials 2006, 5, 197.
  6. Al-Ibrahim, M.; Roth, H.; Schroedner, M.; Konkin, A.; Zhokhavets, U.; Gobsch, G.; Scharff, P.; Sensfuss, S. Organic Electronics 2005, 6, 65.
  7. Babel. A.; Jenekhe, S. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2003, 125, 13656.
  8. Alam, M.; Jenekhe, S. Chem. Mater. 2004, 16, 4647. 9. Manoj, A.; Narayan, K. Optical Materials 2002, 21, 417.

 

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