Attention:

Certain features of Sigma-Aldrich.com will be down for maintenance the evening of Friday August 18th starting at 8:00 pm CDT until Saturday August 19th at 12:01 pm CDT.   Please note that you still have telephone and email access to our local offices. We apologize for any inconvenience.

Human Marrow Stromal Cells (HMSC) Culture Protocol

I. Storage

A. Cryopreserved Vials (492-05a, 492-05f)

Store the cryovials in a liquid nitrogen storage tank immediately upon arrival.

*Be sure to wear face protection mask and gloves when retrieving cryovials from the liquid nitrogen storage tank. The dramatic temperature change from the tank to the room could cause any trapped liquid nitrogen in the cryovials to burst and cause injury.

 

492-05a-cells

Human Marrow Stromal Cells (HMSC)

II. Preparation for Culturing

  1. Ensure the Class II Biological Safety Cabinet, with HEPA filtered laminar airflow, is in proper working condition.
  2. Sterilize the Biological Safety Cabinet with 70% alcohol.
  3. Turn the Biological Safety Cabinet blower on for 10 minutes before beginning cell culture work.
  4. Make sure all serological pipettes, pipette tips and reagent solutions are sterile.
  5. Follow the standard sterilization technique and safety rules:
    a. Do not pipette by mouth.
    b. wear gloves and safety glasses when working with human cells even though all the strains have been tested
        negative for HIV, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C.
    c. Handle all cell culture work in a sterile hood.

III. Culturing HMSC

A. Preparing Cell Culture Flasks for Culturing HMSC

  1. Take the Human Marrow Stromal Cell Growth Medium (419-500) from the refrigerator. Decontaminate the bottle with 70% alcohol in a sterile hood.
  2. Pipette 15 ml of Human Marrow Stromal Cell Growth Medium (419-500)* to a T-75 flask (SIAL0641).
    * Keep the medium to surface area ratio at 1ml per 5 cm2.
    For example:
    -  5 ml for a T-25 flask (SIAL0639) or a 60 mm tissue culture dish (SIAL0166).
    -  15 ml for a T-75 flask (SIAL0641) or a 100 mm tissue culture dish (SIAL0167).

B. Thawing and Plating HMSC

  1. Remove the cryopreserved vial of HMSC from the liquid nitrogen storage tank using proper protection for your eyes and hands.
  2. Turn the vial cap a quarter turn to release any liquid nitrogen that may be trapped in the threads, then re-tighten the cap.
  3. Thaw the cells quickly by placing the lower half of the vial in a 37°C water bath and watch the vial closely during the thawing process.
  4. Remove the vial from the water bath when only a small amount of ice is left in the vial. Do not let cells thaw completely.
  5. Decontaminate the vial exterior with 70% alcohol in a sterile Biological Safety Cabinet.
  6. Remove the vial cap carefully. Do not touch the rim of the cap or the vial with your hands to avoid contamination.
  7. Resuspend the cells in the vial by gently pipetting the cells 5 times with a 2 ml pipette. Be careful not to pipette too vigorously as to cause foaming.
  8. Pipette the cell suspension (1ml) from the vial into the T-75 flask (SIAL0641) containing 15 ml of Human Marrow Stromal Cell Growth Medium (419-500).
  9. Cap the flask and rock gently to evenly distribute the cells.
  10. Place the T-75 flask (SIAL0641) in a 37oC, 5% CO2 humidified incubator. Loosen the cap to allow gas exchange. For best results, do not disturb the culture for 24 hours after inoculation.
  11. Change to fresh Human Marrow Stromal Cell Growth Medium (419-500) after 24 hours or overnight to remove all traces of DMSO.
  12. Change Human Marrow Stromal Cell Growth Medium (419-500) every other day until the cells reach 60% confluency.
  13. Double the Human Marrow Stromal Cell Growth Medium (419-500) volume when the culture is >60% confluent or for weekend feedings.
  14. Subculture the cells when the HMSC culture reaches 85-95% confluency.

IV. Subculturing HMSC

A. Preparing Subculture Reagents

  1. Remove the Trypsin-EDTA solution (T3924) and Trypsin Inhibitor (T6414) from the -20°C freezer and thaw overnight in a refrigerator.
  2. Make sure all the subculture reagents are thawed. Swirl each bottle gently several times to form homogeneous solutions.
  3. Store all the subculture reagents at 4°C for future use.
  4. Aliquot Trypsin/EDTA solution (T3924) and store the unused portion at -20°C if only a portion of the Trypsin/EDTA (T3924) is needed.

B. Preparing Culture Flask

  1. Take the Human Marrow Stromal Cell Growth Medium (419-500) from the refrigerator. Decontaminate the bottle with 70% alcohol in a sterile hood.
  2. Pipette 35 ml of Human Marrow Stromal Cell Growth Medium (419-500) to a T-175 flask (SIAL1080) (to be used in Section IV C Step 15.)

C. Subculturing HMSC

Trypsinize Cells at Room Temperature. Do Not Warm Any Reagents to 37°C.

  1. Remove the medium from culture flasks by aspiration.
  2. Wash the monolayer of cells with HBSS (H6648) and remove the solution by aspiration.
  3. Pipette 5 ml of Trypsin/EDTA Solution (T3924) into the T-75 flask (SIAL0641). Rock the flask gently to ensure the solution covers all the cells.
  4. Remove 4 ml of the solution immediately.
  5. Re-cap the flask tightly and monitor the trypsinization progress at room temperature under an inverted microscope. It usually takes about 2 to 5 minutes for the cells to become rounded. The cells may not be completely round during trypsinization and some cells may maintain some processes even though they are loosened from the culture surface.
  6. Release the rounded cells from the culture surface by hitting the side of the flask against your palm until most of the cells are detached.
  7. Pipette 5 ml of Trypsin Inhibitor Solution (T6414) to the flask to inhibit further tryptic activity.
  8. Transfer the cell suspension from the flask to a 50 ml sterile conical tube.
  9. Rinse the flask with an additional 5 ml of Trypsin Inhibitor Solution (T6414) and transfer the solution into the same conical tube.
  10. Examine the T-75 flask (SIAL0641) under a microscope. If there are >20% cells left in the flask, repeat Steps 2-9.
  11. Centrifuge the conical tube at 220 x g for 5 minutes to pellet the cells.
  12. Aspirate the supernatant from the tube without disturbing the cell pellet.
  13. Flick the tip of the conical tube with your finger to loosen the cell pellet.
  14. Resuspend the cells in 5 ml of Human Marrow Stromal Cell Growth Medium (419-500) by gently pipetting the cells to break up the clumps.
  15. Count the cells with a hemocytometer or cell counter. Inoculate at 10,000 cells per cm2 for rapid growth, or at 5,000 cells per cm2 for regular subculturing.

V. Differentiating HMSC

A. Seeding HMSC for Differentiating Into Canine Osteoblast

  1. Seed HMSC in the desired format at 10,000 per cm2 in Human Marrow Stromal Cell Growth Medium (419-500).
  2. Place the cells in a 37oC, 5% CO2 humidified incubator.
  3. Change to Human Osteoblast Differentiation Medium (417D-250) the next day by removing the growth medium from culture tissue ware by aspiration and adding the appropriate volume of Human Osteoblast Differentiation Medium (417D-250). Do not allow cells to dry during medium changes.
  4. Incubate cells in a 37oC, 5% CO2 humidified incubator.
  5. Change to fresh Human Osteoblast Differentiation Medium (417D-250) every three (3) days.
  6. Extracellular matrix will be mineralized in 30 days.

B. Seeding HMSC for Differentiating Into Adipocyte

  1. Seed the HMSC at 40,000 cells/cm2 in Human Marrow Stromal Cell Growth Medium (419-500).
  2. Place the cells in a 37°C, 5% CO2 humidified incubator.
  3. Take out the appropriate amount of Human Adipocyte Differentiation Medium (811D-250) and equilibrate in the incubator for 2 hours prior to use in Step 4.
  4. Change to Human Adipocyte Differentiation Medium (811D-250) after three days by removing growth medium from culture tissue ware by aspiration and adding the appropriate volume of pre-equilibrated Human Adipocyte Differentiation Medium (811D-250) in Step 3. Do not allow cells to dry during medium changes.
  5. Incubate cells in a 37oC, 5% CO2 humidified incubator.
  6. Change to fresh Human Adipocyte Differentiation Medium (811D-250) every three (3) days.
  7. Cells are differentiated into adipocytes with large lipid droplets in 3-4 weeks.

 

Materials

     
Related Links