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Human Preadipocytes (HPAd) Culture Protocol

I. Storage

A. Cryopreserved Vials (802s-05a, 802h-05a, S802s-05a)

Store the cryovials in a liquid nitrogen storage tank immediately upon arrival.

*Be sure to wear face protection mask and gloves when retrieving cryovials from the liquid nitrogen storage tank. The dramatic temperature change from the tank to the room could cause any trapped liquid nitrogen in the cryovials to burst and cause injury.

802h-05a-cells

Human Preadipocytes (HPAd)

II. Preparation for Culturing

  1. Ensure the Class II Biological Safety Cabinet, with HEPA filtered laminar airflow, is in proper working condition.
  2. Sterilize the Biological Safety Cabinet with 70% alcohol.
  3. Turn the Biological Safety Cabinet blower on for 10 minutes before beginning cell culture work.
  4. Make sure all serological pipettes, pipette tips and reagent solutions are sterile.
  5. Follow the standard sterilization technique and safety rules:
    a. Do not pipette by mouth.
    b. Always wear gloves and safety glasses when working with human cells even though all the strains have been
        tested negative for HIV, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C.
    c. Handle all cell culture work in a sterile hood.

III. Culturing HPAd

A. Preparing Cell Culture Flasks for Culturing HPAd

  1. Take the Human Preadipocyte Growth Medium (811-500) from the refrigerator. Decontaminate the bottle with 70% alcohol in a sterile hood.
  2. Pipette 15 ml of Human Preadipocyte Growth Medium (811-500)* to a T-75 flask (SIAL0641).
    * Keep the medium to surface area ratio at 1ml per 5 cm2.
    For example:
    -  5 ml for a T-25 flask (SIAL0639) or a 60 mm tissue culture dish (SIAL0166).
    -  15 ml for a T-75 flask (SIAL0641) or a 100 mm tissue culture dish (SIAL0167).

B. Thawing and Plating HPAd

  1. Remove the cryopreserved vial of HPAd from the liquid nitrogen storage tank using proper protection for your eyes and hands.
  2. Turn the vial cap a quarter turn to release any liquid nitrogen that may be trapped in the threads, then re-tighten the cap.
  3. Thaw the cells quickly by placing the lower half of the vial in a 37°C water bath and watch the vial closely during the thawing process.
  4. Remove the vial from the water bath when only a small amount of ice is left in the vial. Do not let cells thaw completely.
  5. Decontaminate the vial exterior with 70% alcohol in a sterile Biological Safety Cabinet.
  6. Remove the vial cap carefully. Do not touch the rim of the cap or the vial with your hands to avoid contamination.
  7. Resuspend the cells in the vial by gently pipetting the cells 5 times with a 2 ml pipette. Be careful not to pipette too vigorously as to cause foaming.
  8. Pipette the cell suspension (1ml) from the vial into the T-75 flask (SIAL0641) containing 15 ml of Human Preadipocyte Growth Medium (811-500).
  9. Cap the flask and rock gently to evenly distribute the cells.
  10. Place the T-75 flask (SIAL0641) in a 37oC, 5% CO2 humidified incubator. Loosen the cap to allow gas exchange. For best results, do not disturb the culture for 24 hours after inoculation.
  11. Change to fresh Human Preadipocyte Growth Medium (811-500) after 24 hours or overnight to remove all traces of DMSO.
  12. Change Human Preadipocyte Growth Medium (811-500) every other day until the cells reach 60% confluency.
  13. Double the Human Preadipocyte Growth Medium (811-500) volume when the culture is >60% confluent or for weekend feedings.
  14. Subculture the cells when the HPAd culture reaches 85-95% confluency.

IV. Subculturing HPAd

A. Preparing Subculture Reagents

  1. Remove the Trypsin-EDTA solution (T3924) and Trypsin Inhibitor (T6414) from the -20°C freezer and thaw overnight in a refrigerator.
  2. Make sure all the subculture reagents are thawed. Swirl each bottle gently several times to form homogeneous solutions.
  3. Store all the subculture reagents at 4°C for future use.
  4. Aliquot Trypsin/EDTA solution (T3924) and store the unused portion at -20°C if only a portion of the Trypsin/EDTA (T3924) is needed.

B. Preparing Culture Flask

  1. Take the Human Preadipocyte Growth Medium (811-500) from the refrigerator. Decontaminate the bottle with 70% alcohol in a sterile hood.
  2. Pipette 35 ml of Human Preadipocyte Growth Medium (811-500) to a T-175 flask (SIAL1080) (to be used in Section IV C Step 15.)

C. Subculturing HPAd

Trypsinize Cells at Room Temperature. Do Not Warm Any Reagents to 37°C.

  1. Remove the medium from culture flasks by aspiration.
  2. Wash the monolayer of cells with HBSS (H6648) and remove the solution by aspiration.
  3. Pipette 6 ml of Trypsin/EDTA Solution (T3924) into the T-75 flask (SIAL0641). Rock the flask gently to ensure the solution covers all the cells.
  4. Remove 5 ml of the solution immediately.
  5. Re-cap the flask tightly and monitor the trypsinization progress at room temperature under an inverted microscope. It usually takes about 1 to 3 minutes for the cells to become rounded. The cells may not become completely round during the trypsinization and some cells may maintain some processes even though they are loosened from the culture surface.
  6. Release the rounded cells from the culture surface by hitting the side of the flask against your palm until most of the cells are detached.
  7. Pipette 5 ml of Trypsin Inhibitor Solution (T6414) to the flask to inhibit further tryptic activity.
  8. Transfer the cell suspension from the flask to a 50 ml sterile conical tube.
  9. Rinse the flask with an additional 5 ml of Trypsin Inhibitor Solution (T6414) and transfer the solution into the same conical tube.
  10. Examine the T-75 flask (SIAL0641) under a microscope. If there are >20% cells left in the flask, repeat Steps 2-9.
  11. Centrifuge the conical tube at 220 x g for 5 minutes to pellet the cells.
  12. Aspirate the supernatant from the tube without disturbing the cell pellet.
  13. Flick the tip of the conical tube with your finger to loosen the cell pellet.
  14. Resuspend the cells in 5 ml of Human Preadipocyte Growth Medium (811-500) by gently pipetting the cells to break up the clumps.
  15. Count the cells with a hemocytometer or cell counter. Inoculate at 10,000 cells per cm2 for rapid growth, or at 6,000 cells per cm2 for regular subculturing.

V. Differentiating HPAd

A. Seeding HPAd for Differentiation

1. Adjust the volume of Human Preadipocyte Growth Medium (811-500) to bring the cell/ml to the desired cell
    density according to the following chart:
 

Culture Format Surface Area/Well Cell Density cell/ml Volume per well # Cells per well Volume per  Format
6 well plate 9.40 cm2 110,000 4 ml 440,000 24 ml
12 well plate 3.83 cm2 90,000 2 ml 180,000 24 ml
24 well plate 1.88 cm2 90,000 1 ml 90,000 24 ml
48 well plate 0.86 cm2 84,000 500 µl 42,000 24 ml
96 well plate 0.32 cm2 110,000 150 µl  16,500 14.4 ml
T-25 flask 25 cm2 240,000 5 ml 1,200,000 5 ml
T-75 flask 75 cm2 240,000 15 ml 3,600,000 15 ml


2. Seed the Preadipocytes at 44,000 cells/cm2 in the desired format for differentiation.

3. Place the cells in a 37oC, 5% CO2 humidified incubator.

4. Start differentiation when the culture is 100% confluent and cells are packed. Usually it takes 1 to 2 days to
    reach total confluency.

B. Preparing Differentiation Medium

  1. Remove Human Adipocyte Differentiation Medium (811D-250) from the refrigerator, and decontaminate the bottle with 70% alcohol in a sterile hood.
  2. Aliquot the needed amount of Human Adipocyte Differentiation Medium (811D-250), loosen the cap and equilibrate in a 37oC, 5% CO2 humidified incubator for 2 hours to allow gas exchange and for the medium to warm up to 37°C.

C. Differentiating HPAd to HAd

Do Not Let Cells Dry During The Medium Changes.

HPAd must be 100% confluent and the cells packed prior to starting differentiation

  1. Remove growth medium from culture flask by aspiration.
  2. Add the appropriate volume of Human Adipocyte Differentiation Medium (811D-250) according to the chart in Section V. A. Step 1.
  3. Incubate cells in a 37oC, 5% CO2 humidified incubator in the Human Adipocyte Differentiation Medium (811D-250).
  4. Change to fresh Human Adipocyte Differentiation Medium (811D-250) every 3 days for 15 days.
  5. At the end of 15 days, cells are differentiated into HAd with lipid droplets in the cells.
  6. Remove Human Adipocyte Differentiation Medium (811D-500) and starve the cells in Human Adipocyte Starvation Medium (811S-250) for 1 day prior to assay.

Materials

     
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