This is not just a cookbook for real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR). Admittedly, there are lots of recipes from distinguished contributors and Bustin has attempted to collect, sift through and rationalize the vast amount of information that is available on this subject. And yes, this book was conceived as a comprehensive hands-on manual to allow both the novice researcher and the expert to set up and carry out qPCR assays from scratch.
However, this book also sets out to explain as many features of qPCR as possible, provide alternative viewpoints and methods and, perhaps most importantly, aims to stimulate the researcher into generating, interpreting and publishing data that are reproducible, reliable and biologically meaningful.
In this book, leading scientists from academia as well as biotech and pharma companies introduce the revolutionary concept of designing RNA and DNA oligonucleotides with novel functions by in vitro selection. These functions comprise high affinity binding (aptamers), catalytic activity (ribozymes and deoxyribozymes) or combinations of binding and catalytic properties (aptazymes).
Basic concepts and technologies describing in detail how these functional oligonucleotides can be identified are presented. Numerous examples demonstrate the versatility of in vitro selected oligonucleotides. Special emphasis has been put on a section that shows the broad applicability of aptamers, e. g. in target validation, for analytics, or as new therapeutics. This first overview in the field is of prime interest for a broad audience of scientists both in academia and in industry who wish to expand their knowledge on the potential of new oligonucleotide functions and their applications.
This resource presents protocols for isolating a gene, cloning and characterizing it, expressing its encoded protein, and purifying and characterizing the protein′s physical properties. It includes background and procedures and is structured around 20 experiments that demonstrate how to prepare, manipulate, and analyze plasmids, produce fusion proteins in bacteria, and purify these proteins based on chemical properties or substrate affinities.
It describes topics such as the use of antibodies and techniques developed to transform their structures, and approaches designed to manipulate structure and functions of proteins and nucleic acids.
DNA microarray, or DNA chip technology is a new and powerful means of discovering, characterizing and analyzing genes and their expression patterns. This manual assembles and synthesizes the expertise of over 30 innovators in this emerging field to provide authoritative, detailed instruction on the design, construction, and applications of microarrays, as well as comprehensive descriptions of the software tools and strategies required for extensive image and data analysis. It complements the best selling manual "Molecular Cloning".
There are two books in this series. Volume 1 concentrates on the procedures for DNA and RNA manipulation, purification, electrophoresis and the construction and cloning of recombinant molecules. It also includes a survey of cloning vectors of Escherichia Coli. As with the first edition, the objective is to combine solid practical information with sufficient background material to meet the requirements of any enduser
In Volume 2 of Essential Molecular Biology, procedures for preparing gene libraries and identifying genes are described, together with methods for studying the structure of a cloned gene and the way it is expressed in the cell.
Protein expression is an increasingly important tool for research on gene function. What is needed is not just a lab manual providing established methods as well as the latest state-of-the-art protocols, but also clear advice on what expression system to choose when. This book covers expression across a broad range of systems, including the following. *Baculovirus expression vectors, *CHO cells, * E. coli, *HEK293-EBNA1 cells, * Lactococcus lactis, * S. cerevisiae, *transfected insect cells, * Pichia pastoris, *mammalian cells using BacMam viruses, *lentiviral vectors, *wheat germ cell-free system. The book takes the reader through how to make an informed choice of appropriate system, taking into account the protein target, the time involved, the ultimate use of the expressed protein, and the laboratory equipment required. In addition, the book describes the optimisation of expression strategies, expression engineering using ribosome display, and how to select protein variants with improved expression.
Leading scientists in gene expression methodology and bioinformatics data analysis describe readily reproducible methods for measuring RNA levels in cells and tissues. The techniques presented include new methods for applying the Affymetrix GeneChip, SAR-SAGE, StaRT-PCR, SSH, the Invader Assay, and ADGEM. The authors also provide critical bioinformatics insight and resources for data analysis and management. By distilling the basic underlying principles of many methods to a few straightforward concepts, investigators can easily choose the method most appropriate to their application
The major histocompatibility complex is the subject of much research in the immunology field. There is a great deal of interest in MHC proteins and their function as antigen presenting molecules, and many immunology laboratories are investigating biochemical and genetic techniques to study these molecules. The identification of peptide transporter genes and the elution of peptides from MHC molecules illustrate how rapidly our understanding of the MHC locus has advanced. These volumes bring together the technologies, which make these advances possible. It explains in detail the process such as peptide translocation into the ER, the application of mass spectrometry to the analysis of peptides bound to MHC, and signal detection via MHC class II molecules, which lead to either activation or cell death.
This sixth edition of James D. Watson′s classic textbook Molecular Biology of the Gene has been thoroughly revised and updated. Accessible to anyone interested in molecular biology and genetics, the book provides a historical basis for the field, concise descriptions of fundamental chemical concepts, a comprehensive survey of genome maintenance and expression, and a discussion of standard techniques and model organisms commonly used in molecular biology studies. It includes all new chapters on the regulatory RNAs and genomics and systems biology. The book has an accompanying Web site (www.aw-bc.com/watson/), which contains interactive tutorials, animations, and critical-thinking exercises designed to help students explore and visualize complex concepts.
Molecular Cloning has served as the foundation of technical expertise in labs worldwide for 30 years. No other manual has been so popular, or so influential. Molecular Cloning, Fourth Edition, by the celebrated founding author Joe Sambrook and new co-author, the distinguished HHMI investigator Michael Green, preserves the highly praised detail and clarity of previous editions and includes specific chapters and protocols commissioned for the book from expert practitioners at Yale, U Mass, Rockefeller University, Texas Tech, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Washington University, and other leading institutions. The theoretical and historical underpinnings of techniques are prominent features of the presentation throughout, information that does much to help trouble-shoot experimental problems. For the fourth edition of this classic work, the content has been entirely recast to include nucleic-acid based methods selected as the most widely used and valuable in molecular and cellular biology laboratories. Core chapters from the third edition have been revised to feature current strategies and approaches to the preparation and cloning of nucleic acids, gene transfer, and expression analysis. They are augmented by 12 new chapters which show how DNA, RNA, and proteins should be prepared, evaluated, and manipulated, and how data generation and analysis can be handled. The new content includes methods for studying interactions between cellular components, such as microarrays, next-generation sequencing technologies, RNA interference, and epigenetic analysis using DNA methylation techniques and chromatin immunoprecipitation. To make sense of the wealth of data produced by these techniques, a bioinformatics chapter describes the use of analytical tools for comparing sequences of genes and proteins and identifying common expression patterns among sets of genes. Building on thirty years of trust, reliability, and authority, the fourth edition of Molecular Cloning is the new gold standard-the one indispensable molecular biology laboratory manual and reference source. Highlights of the new edition: • Extensive new content: 12 entirely new chapters are devoted to the most exciting current research strategies, including epigenetic analysis, RNA interference, genome sequencing, and bioinformatics • Expanded scope: the nucleic-acid-based techniques selected for inclusion have promoted recent advances in gene transfer, protein expression, RNA analysis, and expression of cloned genes • Classic content: 10 original core chapters have been updated to reflect developments and innovations in standard techniques and to introduce new cutting-edge protocols • Easy-to-follow format: the previous editions′ renowned attention to detail and accuracy are fully retained • Essential appendices: an up-to-date collection of reagents, vectors, media, detection systems, and commonly used techniques are included • Expanded authorship: chapters and protocols have been specifically commissioned from renowned experts at leading institutions
This edition update and expands Bruce White′s best-selling "PCR Protocols" (1997) with the newest procedures for DNA cloning and mutagenesis. Here the researcher will find readily reproducible methods for all the major aspects of PCR use, including PCR optimization, computer programs for PCR primer design and analysis, and novel variations for cloning genes of special characteristics or origin, with emphasis on long PCR and GC-rich template amplification. Powerful applications of PCR in library construction and sublibrary generation and screening are presented.
Using Whole Genome Amplification (WGA) methods, it is possible to create microgram quantities of DNA starting with as little as one nanogram of genomic DNA and in some cases even a single eukaryotic or bacterial cell. The implementation of such WGA methods provides an ample supply of DNA for large-scale genetic studies. This title provides a comprehensive overview of the field and will be welcomed by all researchers looking to take advantage of the latest developments.
This volume, part of the Advances in Molecular Biology series, presents detailed protocols and trouble-shooting advice on the yeast two-hybrid system, one of the most powerful and versatile methods for characterizing a protein′s functions. Topics include: characterizing hormone/receptor complexes, identifying peptide ligands, how to identify mutations that disrupt an interaction, how to construct an activation domain hybrid library, and how to dissect the cell cycle and other complex genetic networks.