Certain features of will be down for maintenance the evening of Friday August 18th starting at 8:00 pm CDT until Saturday August 19th at 12:01 pm CDT.   Please note that you still have telephone and email access to our local offices. We apologize for any inconvenience.

Fluorescent Indicators and Probes

Fluorescent probes, in a strict sense and in contrast to labels, can be used to report the microenvironment, e.g. within a cell or cell compartment. Parameters measured can include micropolarity, viscosity, temperature, and rate of diffusion.

Useful Reference Literature:
1. J.R. Lakowicz, Principles of Fluorescence Microscopy, Plenum, New York, 1998.
2. X.F. Wang, B. Herman, Fluorescence Imaging Spectroscopy and Microscopy.
3. W.T. Mason, Fluorescent Probes for Biological Activity, Academic Press, New York, 1993.
4. O.S. Wolfbeis, Fluorescence Spectroscopy: New Methods and Applications, Springer, Heidelberg, 1993.

Most commonly used probes include: