Synthetic endogenous peptide agonist for the human APJ receptor, a putative receptor protein related to the angiotensin receptor (AT1). This peptide exerted an acidification-rate-promoting activity in CHO cells expressing the APJ receptor with a median effective concentration (EC50) value of 0.37 nM. Blocks HIV-1 and HIV-2 entry into cells expressing the APJ receptor.
BTZO-1 is a suppressor of cardiomyocyte apoptosis presumably by activation of antioxidant response element (ARE)-mediated gene expression. BTZO-1 binds to the macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) that is required to activate the glutathione S-transferase Ya subunit (GST Ya) gene ARE.
Metastin is an endogenous ligand to G-protein-coupled orphan receptors such as OT7T175 (also known as AXOR12) and GPR54. Novel placenta-derived hormone. The amide form of metastin is found to be 3-10 times more active than the free acid form of metastin.
Pioglitazone hydrochloride is a PPARγ agonist and thiazolidinedione (TZD) anti-diabetic. Pioglitazone is a selective agonist of the nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPAR-γ) and to a lesser extent PPAR-α.
Studies have reported that TNP-470 can decrease intimal neovascularization in Apo-E deficient mice1. TNP-470 can also prevent tumor growth in human breast and prostate cancer cell lines2. TNP-470 is a methionine aminopeptidase-2 (MetAP-2) inhibitor, selective for MetAP-2 over MetAP11. TNP-470 is an antiangiogenic.