Azelnidipine, a novel dihydropyridine derivative, is a L-type calcium channel blocker and antihypertensive. Unlike other L-type calcium channel blockers, azelnidipine causes minimal stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system despite its significant depressor effect. Azelnidipine may have a protective role in inflammation in atherosclerosis.
Cevimeline is a muscarinic M1 and M3 receptor agonist. Cevimeline stimulates secretion by the salivary glands and is used to treat the symptoms of dry mouth. Cevimeline stimulates the peripheral muscarinic acetylcholine receptors of salivary glands and increases the concentration of Ca+2 in parotic acini and duct cells of rats. It thus acts as therapeutic agent for xerostomia.
HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor. Cholesterol lowering drug. Inhibits myoblast formation. An antibiotic shown to cause apoptosis, apparently by inhibiting post-translational prenylation of proteins such as Ras. Similarly, mevastatin increases eNOS mRNA and protein levels by blocking the geranylgeranylation of Rho.